Psych 020 Review Session 3 QUESTIONS ONLY REVISED _TO POST (ch 9-11 and 16) 2009-2010

Psych 020 Review Session 3 QUESTIONS ONLY REVISED _TO POST (ch 9-11 and 16) 2009-2010

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Unformatted text preview: PSYCHOLOGY 020: REVIEW SESSION Sections 003 and 005 The Review Session will start in 10 minutes REVIEW SESSION REVIEW Chapter 9: Intelligent Thought Chapter Chapter 10: Motivation & Emotion Chapter 11: Development Chapter 16: Social Influence • • Some Practice Questions Question & Answer period SOME … PRACTICE EXAM QUESTIONS PRACTICE SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 1. Consider the following sentences: 1. i) The monkey was ill after eating a banana. ii) The banana that the monkey ate made it ill. Which of the following is/are true? Which A. Sentences i) and ii) have the same surface A. structure. B. Sentences i) and ii) have different surface structure. C. Sentences i) and ii) have the same deep structure. D. Both A) and C). E. Both B) and C). E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 2. If cats are animals; and if leopards are cats; then 2. leopards must be animals. This statement is an example of: example A. inductive reasoning. A. B. deductive reasoning. B. C. top-down reasoning. D. Both A) and C) above. D. E. Both B) and C) above. E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 3. After studying numerous languages, Dr. Stevenson 3. found a particular culture that had poor memory relative to other cultures. He proposed that this was so because this particular language did not have a past tense. This is supported by the A. Belief Bias theory A. B. Propositional Thought theory C. Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis C. D. Syntax Language theory E. Bottom-Up Language theory SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 4. Young children develop language in a 4. hierarchical fashion, first developing an understanding of _______, then of ________, followed by ______. A. Syntax, semantics, morphemes A. B. Phonemes, morphemes, semantics C. Morphemes, phonemes, deep structure C. D. Phonemes, deep structure, syntax D. E. Semantics, morphemes, phonemes E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 5. Scott is ten years old, but can accomplish all of the tasks 5. of a typical 15 year old. According to Alfred Binet, which of the following is/are true? A. Scott’s IQ is 15. A. B. Scott’s mental age is greater than his chronological age. B. C. Scott’s chronological age is greater than his mental age. D. Scott’s IQ is 150. E. Both B) and D) above. E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 6. Mike Tyson, a famous boxer, may not be viewed by 6. most as an “intelligent person” but, phenomenal body-kinesthetic skills would make him intelligent based on which Psychologist’s theory? A. Weschler B. Cattell B. C. Gardner D. Spearman E. Don King SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 7. Which of the following is/are considered to 7. part of Sternberg’s theory of intelligence? part A. Analytical intelligence A. B. Practical intelligence C. Creative intelligence C. D. All of the above. E. Both A) and B) above. E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 8. Research that has studied the acquisition of languages in 8. apes and chimpanzees, indicate that these animals have the greatest degree of difficulty mastering which of the following aspects of language? following A. Vocabulary. B. The symbolic aspect. C. The structural aspect. D. The generative aspect. D. E. All of the above about equally. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 9. An algorithm A. is one of the simplest forms of problem-solving. B. involves a systematic trial-and-error procedure. C. is associated with a guaranteed solution. D. Both B) and C) above. E. All of the above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 10. Which of the following is/are criticisms of 10. traditional intelligence tests? traditional A. The tests tap past learning rather than A. intellectual capacity. intellectual B. The tests may be culturally biased. C. The tests are gender biased & favor the C. skills of women. skills D. All of the above. D. E. Both A) and B) above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 11. A newly developed standardized intelligence test has a 11. mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. If a graduate program in clinical Psychology only wants to accept applicants who score in the top 1% of the population, what is minimal IQ score that is acceptable ? A. 85 B. 100 B. C. 115 D. 125 D. E. 145 SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 12. The hereditary component of a person’s IQ is referred 12. to ______ . If this value ranges from 100 to 130, then a(n) ________ environment would lead to an IQ closer to ________. A. a reaction range; enriching; 100 A. B. an intelligence range; deprived; 100 B. C. a reaction range; enriching; 130. C. D. an intelligence range; deprived; 130 D. E. a reaction range; deprived; 130 SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 13. Crystallized intelligence involves your _______, where _______ is/are used. A. inductive reasoning; logic inductive B. B. working memory; abstract reasoning working C. short-term memory; learned problem-solving schemas D. long-term memory; inductive reasoning D. E. long-term memory; learned problem-solving schemas E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 14. Scores on current intelligence tests (e.g. WAIS-III-R) 14. are based on the performance of a given individual compared to the scores of a large sample of individuals who A. have demonstrated maturity & commonsense. have B. B. have received the same education. have C. have a similar age. D. have the same ethnic background. E. have passed pre-screening standards. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 15. An aptitude test is designed to screen for the most 15. successful applicants for a prestigious medical school. The test consists of 100 questions testing the writer’s knowledge of World War II history. You may well be concerned about the ________ of the test. concerned A. Predictive validity A. B. Content validity C. Construct validity C. D. Face validity D. E. All of the above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 16. The theory that explains motivation in terms of 16. physiological disruptions to internal bodily homeostasis is: is: A. Freud’s Psychodynamic theory A. B. Hull’s Drive theory C. Maslow’s Humanistic theory C. D. Expectancy X value theory D. E. Bandura’s Self-Efficacy theory SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 17. Sam’s parents pay him weekly to perform his chores. 17. This is an example of: This A. Intrinsic motivation A. B. Extrinsic motivation C. Internal locus of control D. External locus of control E. All of the above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 18. According to Maslow’s theory of motivation which of 18. the following is not considered to be a “deficiency need”? need”? A. Physiological needs A. B. Safety needs C. Esteem needs C. D. Belongingness and love needs D. E. Cognitive needs SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 19. Scientists have found that electrically stimulating the 19. ________ of a rat’s brain, will cause even a hungry rat to stop eating. to A. paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) A. B. lateral hypothalamus (LH) C. ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) D. amygdala E. cerebellum SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 20. According to the ________ , Western cultures teach 20. women to view their bodies as objects, as others would. This perception is then considered to lead to anxiety and shame related to body image. shame A. Social Object theory A. B. Looking Glass theory C. Cultural Bias theory D. Objectification theory E. Social Standard theory SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 21. Which of the following is/are characteristic of BOTH 21. Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia nervosa? Anorexia A. severe restriction of food intake B. episodes of binge eating B. C. self-esteem closely linked to body image D. perfectionism E. low impulse control SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 22. According to the Michael et al (1994) study that was 22. presented in the textbook, which of the following groups reported the highest frequency of sex over the past 12 months? past A. Married men A. B. Cohabitating (common law) men C. Single (non-cohabitating) men C. D. Married women E. Cohabitating women E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 23. Regarding the impact of hormones on sexual 23. motivation, the prenatal development of sex characteristics are referred to as__________, whereas the stimulation of sexual desire and behavior is referred to as _________ . A. activational effects; stimulational effects A. B. activational effects; organizational effects C. organizational effects; activational effects C. D. stimulational effects; organizational effects D. E. primary effects; secondary effects SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 24. One’s emotional and erotic preference for partners of 24. either the same or opposite sex is referred to as: A. sex typing A. B. sex role stereotypes C. sexual orientation C. D. gender identity D. E. none of the above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 25. According to Spearman’s “g” theory of intelligence: A. Intelligence is a single unitary factor. B. Intelligence is best understood as 2 dimensional including fluid & crystallized intelligence. fluid C. Intelligence has an analytical, a practical, and a creative C. component. D. A student who is skilled in math should also be skilled in languages. E. Both A) and D) above. E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 26. If you designed a test to assess verbal intelligence using only visual spatial skills, & repeatedly found that the test produced the same results time after time, the test would be considered to have: A. Good reliability. B. Good construct validity. C. Poor content validity. D. Both A) and B) above. E. Both A) and C) above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 27. The greatest number of women who are sexually 27. assaulted are assaulted by: assaulted A. a friend A. B. a stranger C. an acquaintance D. someone the woman is in love with E. All of the above about equally. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 28. According to Learning theory, a homosexual 28. orientation is likely to develop if the individual has experienced __________ . There is ________ research to support this theory. A. positive homosexual experiences; a great deal of B. negative heterosexual experiences; little C. positive homosexual experiences; little C. D. Both A) and C) above. D. E. Both B) and C) above. E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 29. According to the research findings of Masters & 29. Johnson, vasocongestion is a characteristic of which of the following stages of the sexual response cycle in humans? humans? A. excitement A. B. resolution C. plateau D. Both A) and B) above. D. E. Both A) and C) above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 30. According to the LeDoux theory of emotion, the neural 30. pathway that is responsible for unconscious reflexive emotional reactions is the ___________ pathway. emotional A. sensory to hypothalamus to cerebrum A. B. sensory to thalamus to cerebrum C. cerebrum to hypothalamus to muscles D. sensory to thalamus to amygdala E. sensory to thalamus to cerebral cortex E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 31. A male’s 23rd chromosomal pair contains an X & a Y chromosome. There is a 50% chance that a sperm cell will contain an X or a Y. What is the gene that will trigger male sexual development? A. TSD gene on the Y chromosome. B. TDF gene on the X chromosome. C. TSD gene on the X chromosome. D. TDF gene on the Y chromosome. E. MSD gene on the Y chromosome. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 32. _____________ refers to development that occurs in 32. the direction from head to foot. A. Proximodistal A. B. Cephalocaudal C. Quadrapedal D. Zygotal E. None of the above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 33. An infant is born with visual and auditory impairments, 33. and with heart malformations. Which of the following is most likely true? The baby’s mother A. smoked during pregnancy. A. B. regularly binge drank during pregnancy. C. was under extreme stress during pregnancy. D. had rubella during early pregnancy. E. regularly used cocaine during pregnancy. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 34. A child is able to arrange a set of blocks from smallest to largest, is able to draw a map showing the route from the bus stop to his house, yet lacks the ability to reason abstractly. Which stage in Piaget’s model, is the child most likely in? A. sensorimotor A. B. preoperational C. concrete operational D. formal operational D. E. none of the above E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 35. Telegraphic speech occurs: A. around 2 years of age & consists of a noun & a verb. A. around B. around 2 years of age & consists of familiar names. C. around 6 months of age & consists of noun & a verb. D. around 6 months of age & consists of familiar names. D. E. in infancy before complete words are formed. E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 36. The parenting style that is characterized by warmth but lacks demands and expectations is: A. neglectful A. B. indulgent B. C. authoritarian D. authoritative D. E. abusive SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 37. While walking down the street with her parents, 37. Saffron excitedly watches a rat run into the sewer and exclaims “Mickey Mouse”. Saffron is demonstrating which of Piaget’s concepts? demonstrating A. reversibility reversibility B. accommodation C. habituation D. assimilation E. representativeness heuristic SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 38. A child decides not to steal a chocolate bar because he 38. doesn’t want to get caught and punished. Kholberg would say that the child’s level of reasoning is most consistent with: with: A. Post-conventional reasoning A. B. Preoperational reasoning B. C. Pre-conventional reasoning C. D. Formal Operational reasoning D. E. Conventional Reasoning SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 39. In Ainsworth’s “Strange Situation Test”, an infant who 39. does not seek contact with the caregiver when they return, but does not refuse it when initiated by the caregiver, is considered to have A. Anxious avoidant attachment A. B. Secure attachment C. Anxious attachment D. Anxious-Resistant attachment E. Insecure attachment SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 40. Critical and sensitive periods can best be described as 40. A. An age range during which certain experiences must occur for development to proceed; an optimal age range for certain experiences. B. An range where experiences can occur; an age range where certain experiences must occur for normal development. C. Both periods contribute to normal development. D. Both periods can occur at any time without having an impact on normal development. E. Both A) and C) above. E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 41. A child is attending elementary school & is struggling 41. constantly with language skills & learning to read and write. The child is facing which of Erikson’s Psychosocial stages? Psychosocial A. Autonomy vs. shame & doubt A. B. Industry vs. Inferiority C. Initiative vs. Guilt D. Identity vs. Role Confusion E. Integrity vs. Despair E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 42. Which of the following are valid criticisms of 42. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development? Piaget’s A. The stages do not occur in an invariant sequence. B. His proposed stages do not occur universally. C. Object permanence actually occurs earlier than Piaget proposed. than D. Many adults never develop formal operational D. thinking. thinking. E. Both C) and D) above. E. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 43. Which of the following typically characterize 43. development in adolescence? A. Resolving the psychosocial crisis of identity vs. Role confusion. vs. B. Increasing levels of preconventional reasoning. C. Freud’s genital stage of psychosexual development. D. All of the above. E. A) and C) above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 44. As adults age from 40 to 65 years of age, 44. which of the following is/are false? A. Fluid intelligence increases. A. B. Perceptual speed decreases. C. Crystallized intelligence increases. D. Satisfaction with relationships increases. E. Productivity decreases. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 45. According to Elizabeth Kubler-Ross what is the 45. order of the five stages of death? A. fear, anger, guilt, relaxation, acceptance. B. denial, anger, acceptance, bargaining, depression B. C. happiness, acceptance, bargaining, anger, depression D. denial, panic, bargaining, depression, acceptance E. denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 46. During the first trimester of prenatal development: A. the developing fetus is most susceptible to the effects of teratogens. B. the fetus is approximately 4 inches in length. C. the umbilical cord has already developed. D. Both A) and C) above. E. All of the above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 47. Which of the following is NOT an accurate pairing of theorist and concept? A. Freud; defense mechanisms B. Maslow; self­actualization C. Hull; drives D. Cattell; self­efficacy E. Eysenck; introversion SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 48. A generalized belief about a group or category of people is referred to as: A. a fundamental attribution error B. a stereotype C. prejudice D. Discrimination E. racism SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 49. Based on the findings of Milgram’s research, which of the following were effective for increasing harmful obedience in Milgram’s study? A. Have the authority figure closeby & observing the “teacher” B. Have the “teacher” instruct someone else to deliver the B. shock. C. Have the “teacher” touch the “student” during shock administration. administration. D. Make the “teacher” completely responsible for their D. actions. E. Both A) and B) above. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 50. Attributing our successes to internal factors, while attributing our failures to external factors is referred to as the A. fundamental attribution error B. self­serving bias C. depressive realism D. primacy effect E. stereotype threat SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 51. The tendency for the “average” opinion of group members to become more extreme after discussion is referred to as A. group think. B. group polarization. C. social loafing. D. bystander effect. E. cognitive dissonance. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 52. According to Sternberg’s Triangular theory of love, a combination of intimacy and commitment is referred to as A. liking B. romantic love C. companionate love D. consumate love E. platonic love SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 53. Which of the following is least likely to produce lasting attitude change? A. using a message that invokes a moderate level of fear. B. using the 2­sided refutational approach. C. using a message that is moderately discrepant. D. using the peripheral route to persuasion. E. using the central route to persuasion. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 54. Over the past few weeks Kelly, a new student 54. has been spending an increasing amount of time with Michelle and her friends. Michelle has begun to feel left out, & feels that Kelly has replaced her in her group of friends, so she begins to act hostile towards Kelly. In terms of motivational factors, this situation can be best described the A. Social Identity theory. A. B. Negative State Relief Model. C. Realistic Conflict theory. D. Frustration-Aggression hypothesis. E. Social Exchange theory. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 55. According to the social facilitation theory, which of the following tasks is likely to be enhanced by the mere presence of others? A. a complex task that is not well learned. B. A socially inappropriate task. C. a complex task that is well learned. D. a social comparison task. E. All of the above about equally. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 56. The area of the brain that has been implicated in aggressive behavior is the A. occipital lobe. B. temporal lobe. C. frontal lobe. D. parietal lobe. E. cerebellum SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION 57. According to Bem’s Self­Perception theory, individuals A. infer their attitudes from their behavior. B. use their attitudes to guide their behavior. C. have little consistency between their attitudes and their behavior. D. feel distressed when their attitudes are not consistent with their behavior. E. infer their behavior from their attitudes. SAMPLE EXAM QUESTION SAMPLE 59. Freud maintained that human aggression is instinctive. 59. His principle of _____ stated that performing an act of aggression dissipates aggression energy that is built up, and temporarily reduces our impulses to aggress. Research has _________ this principle. A. Displacement; supported. B. Catharsis; supported. C. Catharsis; not supported. D. Projection; supported. E. Repression; not supported. GOOD LUCK ON THE EXAM! GOOD ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2010 for the course PSYCH PSYC 1000 taught by Professor Atkinson during the Fall '10 term at UWO.

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