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September 10, 09 Note

September 10, 09 Note - Psychology is the scientific study...

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September 10, 2009 Psychology is the scientific study of the brain, the mind, consciousness, thinking, perception, behavior, normal vs. abnormal, when alone Vs. when in groups, how do these processes develop. Psyche: soul, spirit, self, or life -ology: branch of knowledge Psychology: scientific study of behavior -actions -thoughts -feelings -reactions Goals are to: -describe -understand -predict -control Roots of Psychology 2 major influences: Philosophy: ideas about how knowledge can be acquired Natural Science: progress in understanding the nervous system, senses, etc. Philosophical Perspectives -Nativism: knowledge is innate (ie.inherited); focus on hereditary factors; nature -Empiricism: knowledge gained through observation and our senses; experiences; study only what could be observed; nurture -Rationalism: knowledge gained through logic and reasoning Philosophical Influences: Aristotle: empiricism is born –knowledge through experience -environment and upbringing shape cognitive abilities John Locke: -nothing can exist within the intellect that did not have its origins in the senses -empiricism -“Tabula Rasa” History of Studying Behavior Natural Science : Phrenology (GALL) -bumps in the skull indicate overdeveloped brain regions -Cranioscopy:
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