lecture - 10:56 AM Amh • The Jews o They are not an...

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Unformatted text preview: 3/16/2010 10:56 AM Amh • The Jews o They are not an ethnic group o They consider themselves to be any other Most other countries consider Jews to be an ethnicity They are hated because of their religion, since the dawn of time • Jewish immigration to America o waves o formative wave 2nd wave and last wave Nationality Formative was are from Portugal o Languages Jews do not only speak Hebrew Hebrew is the language of there religion o Religious theory Many different types of Judaism • Stereotype of Jews o Jews are horn o Some people still believe it today That they have to wear the hat like that to cover up the horns Jews trying to take over the world • During the great depression is the first time this came up in the U.S Because it seems as if the Jews did not suffer as much during the great depression Think they are also taking over the media Anti-Semitism Homelands o 70AD- Jewish Diaspora o God promise them a homeland – Israel Jewish Diaspora It is forcing the Jews to leave the are in which they claim their homeland was outside of it • • They go toward the middle east, those areas explain them as well They will disperse throughout Europe They are always a very small minority surrounded by a majority that doesn’t want them there • The history of Anti-Semitism o o o Roman empire was polytheistic (more than one god) Monotheism doesn’t like them that much Hated by Christians Religion • • • • Jews are the killers of Christ The Romans are in charge of modern day Israel under king Harriet and punches pilot Through a series of event, he going to smite the Christians They believe because they allowed Jews to exists in their society, they believe that god is going to smite them o The black plague 1/3 of all Europeans Jews and Africans are the only people at the time that believe and washing their hands before eating o Crusades Christian try to Get the holy land back from the Muslims, Jews shouldn’t of lost the holy land in the first place o AID’S Economics • Seems as if Jews have more money o Christian feel this is another smite o The Christian church 300AD outlawed “Usury” collecting money off of people suffering. Now it’s collecting interest off a loan. • You suppose to let them borrow without interest • Christian band “usher” come back in about 1500 • The Jews were the only ones that moved into banking and finance Exclusion • Every country in Europe exclusive them o From rights o From live where they want o Many countries have put them into Jewish Ghetto (outside the city limits) o Many say the gate is locked for the Jewish protection o It’s easy to kill them when they know where they are at all times (Hitler) o Whenever they are allowed out, they are forced to wear something that show they are Jews • • The United States never have a Jewish Ghetto Africa, because they allow Jews to live Jewish immigration to America- German Jews—First Wave o Like other Germans They consider themselves to be German, when they come to America they think that going to end They are going to have the same push and pull factors They pull factor is the same as the Irish o America- Freedom of Religion They feel this could maybe be the new “promise land” Most of the Jews are the middle class • • Money The Industrial revolution o They are being displace because of this revolution o Upper class individual are related to royalty Jews are not consider upper classman The Jews are the financiers of this revolution o The potato blade • The reason why they came over here 300,000 Jews o Germans 5 mil o Chinese 300 thousand • Location o They do exactly what Germans do The Jews move to cities and Midwest Jews are German They are going to be Bankers • The U.S welcome these people in • Settlers in the Frontier o The Jews decided to be Peddlers It’s like Wal-Mart They have a lot of stuff And they go town to town in the mid west They don’t charge a lot of money • So finally they can open a store o And keep opening more and more • Famous Peddlers o o o Levi Strauss, Sears Roebucks, Macy’s They are Jewish Peddlers With their stereotypes, did German Jews fit in? Judaism • Germany is one of the nicest place to the Jews at this time Reform vs. Orthodox Judaism • Reform o They reform from their orthodox ways • • 1st wave- German Jews – reform Differences o Torah/Talmud The torah is the life and time the history of Jews Talmud is the rules how to follow that way of life o Dress How they are suppose to dress at certain places, church..ect. Reform Jews feel if you dress like that you can see a Jew coming from a mile away, so they changed They are trying to fit in o Eating habits How they practice eating • Orthodox Jews eat kosher o o o Animals killed without pain On certain meat in the animal And you must have a priest pray over it before eating have a kosher butcher and ect. • Reform Jews tries and change this habit. 3/16/2010 12:32 PM At strozier 3/18/2010 11:12 Am o Sabbath Day They change the bank to Saturday making it later in the day German Jews are like Germans Finish for the 1st test..this info is for test 3 • The Second Wave o 1880-1920 because of the immigration law New immigrants to America • • Eastern European Jew and southern Italians A new immigrant have 5 definitions 1. Religion Orthodox Judaism, Christianity, and a type of Italian cotholisim 1. Don’t speak English They do not speak English, not learning it at all 2. No skill Most are farmers, 3. You must come from a particular place Eastern or southern Europe 4. Pull factor The industrial revolution (automated factories) Ashkenazic Jew (southern and eastern European/Russian Jews –second wave • Orthodox Judaism • Orthodox means you are practicing it to a “T” • Push for two reasons 1. “Russification”/”russify” Trying to assimilate the population that live in these countries into Russia Force the Russian boy to go to the army at the age of 8 and go to the army for 20 years The Russian women has to marry a Russian They fight back • So they dismember them in order for them to not be able to leave, by making them incapable 2. Pogrom 1871-1906 State sponsor population alimentation • They would burn the town, go in and kill everyone • They cant leave because it is very expensive for Jews to travel o they are immigration laws for Jews to immigrant in most countries • the program killed far more Jews than others • millions of people die Ashkenazic-Life in America • Promblems 1. Size 2 million (all at once) 2. Location 3 city blacks of New York know as Lower East Side 3. Culture Religion – Orthodox Judaism Dress Eating habits – Kosher Language – Yiddish • Only ashkanizic Jews speak it • A secret language that only Jews could only understand but Russians cants • Every eastern European would know certain words but some couldn’t • English was something they were not think about learning while running from the program Sabbath Day • They are not going to assimilate, they keep the faith • They cannot work in any factory because of their Sabbath day being Saturday Economics • Poorer o o o o They had to pay to get to America Only could bring what they could carry You have to pay for the passage to get over They had to bring the entire family (about 10 to a family o Takes about a year and a half 3/18/2010 11:52 AM Test nothes Practice test Chinese, Germans, jews Comparing groups to each other, what do and don’t they have in common • All of the following describes why the germans fared better than the irish, except: A. They had steroptype of being protestnt B. Most came with money C. They were anglo- saxon…YES D. THEY CAME WITH SKILLS THE UNITED STATES WANTED MC • The German immigrations had the following in common: A. A. push factor B. B. their religion C. C. their nationality D. D. their skill level E. E. the germen immigration had nothing in common YES!!! • Those immigrating from china to the united states had all of the following in common except: A. They were mostly and agriculture people B. They came from one region in china C. They held the family as their primary institution D. They were know as merchants • MC READINGS • Journalist Helen gray described the job that Chinese women did in Chinatown, which was…. A. Prostitution B. Domestics C. Railroad workers D. Gold miners • • • Short answer 1. Pull factor for the first wave immigrant Chinese used this to represent the family in the united states A. The six company The political cartoons 1. Easy question about the four stereotypes of the Irish 2. Office hours on Monday. 3/25/2010 11:04 AM • Life in America o Location Lower east side • • There is a section for them, only in a couple city blocks They live together because they are kosher Tenements • • • • • They make WASP a lot of money Because they are the ones who build them Ashkenazic Jews woman cannot be seen by others people not of her culture So many of them have to live in the tenet with just their family. Most of them are 10 stories tall • • No windows, no light, they had gas light, poor conditions Ashkenazic jews are orthodox Sweat shops • • • The industrial revolution is their pull factor Jewish women and men cannot work their because they cannot work the hour that they ask because of their religion They ask to make the product at home, therefore all of them can make money still 1. Collection of raw materials and bring them back home to make the material then deliver the product back for money 2. A factory inside of the tenement, they build it inside of the basement and every Ashkenazic Jew will work in the there. • A lot of tenements have a lot of other people outside of their religion in the sweat shop 1. Which cause the Ashkenazic women to work only in places where its their religion Education • Education is the number 1 thing for ashcozic Jews. • But it’s an assimilation of the WASP but they don’t care Both girls and guys will go to school But girls had to choice to join the union or not. • They want their kids to go all the way to the top of their education. So they can go into banking, law and medicine. • They want them to make money. Problems with Germans Jews • There are more a Jews than German Jews, who are the reform Jews • 1st You can try to separate yourself from the others, but that didn’t work • 2nd is you try and help them out, because if they get better everyone will get better. Their all lot of different scholarships for Jewish children. • 2nd generation Ashkenazic Jews form a different type of Judaism which is a Conservative Judaism • Labor laws of the 1920’s o Examples: five day work week, eight hour day, child labor law Ashkenazic Jews can now work in the factories • They go to the factory, and the women stay in the sweat shops It switch the dress They will move up the hierarchy • Money allows them to move up more o 1930s immigration Nazi Germany/Hitler • After WW1 they were blame them for the war, so they have to pay for the war. • 5000% inflation rate (ex. a will barrow full of money for a stick of gum) • • • 1st hitler told all of the Jew to leave or they will die 2nd he does work camp, its like a prison where you work until you die 3rd final solution/ holocaust • The more Hitler killed the Jews the more he did better on the battle field • Every single country he moves into he kills the Jews • It cause 2 things: • A immigration and piss off the Jews in the United states Political Asylum • Albert Einstein • Genius had information about other information • J. Robert Oppenheimer • The Manhattan project which he headed • o Was not grated to Germans only in to the Jews State of Jewish Affairs Today The State of Israel • The Jews starts to ask Great Britain questions. They have a huge empire and palistian dusk under their empire • Great Britain decides to open up the State of Israel • Reverse Diaspora They set up a homeland in Great Britain The U.S in 1946, decided to recognize the state of Israel and they are always on the Jewish side The population of Israel is equal to the population in the U.S Population • Types of Judaism • Reform Jews are the largest • Conservative Jews are the 2nd largest • Orthodox Jews in south Florida • New York State has a lot of Jews and also South Florida They are a political population and the second voting block is in south Florida • • • • • Cubans come even clost to the Jews in money They have a lot of money at this time They limit their family and they can give more to a child if they have fewer children. The New Immigrants- Italians o Stereotypes of Italians No such thing as Italy • • • 1859-1919 unification was completed North v. south North • Anything north of Rome • South • Sicily and anything south of Rome including Rome Italy-North • • Milan, Venice, Florence Stereotypes • Skilled • educated • money • light skinned • Cosmopolitan They speak various languages and they are surrounded by many different cultures • Some protestant • Diverse and advanced Italy-South • • Rome, Naples Stereotypes: • Illiterate 80% of southern Italians couldn’t sign their name • Lowest class (peasants) They make no money doing it, they are payed in food and clothing • Non-skilled farmers • No money • Considered “backwards” -------------------4/6/2010 11:04:56 AM-------------------• Nativism-Dislike towards immigrants o o o • Xenophobia Native American party Know-nothing party 2 scientific racism – using science to be racist o Science? IQ tests – written in English • • • Some immigrants didn’t know English AA couldn’t read well Culture bias Brain/ head size • • AA and southern Italians had larger size skulls They said that their brain was swollen Compulsory sterilization • • No more kids than the WASP Ells island o Social sciences Madison Grant wrote: The passing of the great race • Using scare tactics he goes through all the groups and what have done to ruin America (he is in the book readings) • 3 new immigrant migration o A lot of immigrants coming in o All of these people coming in, make us want to have a immigration law How to count the Immigrants The creation of Ellis Island • Ellis Island -1892-1954 o Immigrant processing center for new immigrants Steerage class gets taken off the boat • Very poor class o 12 million o Class based o System for counting immigrants (also in the book) • Angel island is the same way • The quota Acts- is a percentage o o Quotas/ census, year/numbers Immigration act of 1921 The statue of liberty says everyone should be accepted They go back in time to pick a census year of 1910 where a lot of people was not coming in. therefore only 3percent 30,000 southern Italians can come in. 3%/1910/357,000 o Immigration act of 1924 (Johnson-reed or national origins act) 2%/1890/164,000 This stays until 1965 o Exceptions Our neighbors are not counted • • • Canadian, south America, carribians, Mexicans are all not counted Crappy jobs that need filled None of the neighbors want to stay here, they come back and forth over the border • Immigration acts after 1920’s o Immigration and nationality act of 1965 • • • Voting right act, immigration act, He is for immigration restriction and a switch it to a more fair immigration restriction He changes to hemispheres Hemispheres • 1st come 1st serve o West H. 120,000 in a year o East H 170,000 in a year Eastern H is double the amount o Every country can has a top amount of 20,000 people to come in. part of the Hemisphere Not very equal but more fair o No exceptions • o Question of Illegal’s Immigration reform and control act of 1986 • • • The burden of truth on the employers to prove that the employees are here legally Burden of proof Amnesty – (Jan, 1 1982) o Every illegal that has been in the country for 5 years can become an American o Most people didn’t do it because they didn’t trust them. Immigration Act of 1990 – change to a number system 4/6/2010 12:08 PM ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2010 for the course HISTORY AMH 2097 taught by Professor Vincent during the Spring '09 term at Florida State College.

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lecture - 10:56 AM Amh • The Jews o They are not an...

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