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Unformatted text preview: circle). (b) How fast does the spacecraft need to be moving at the beginning of its trip (i.e. when it is at the Earth's orbit)? The velocity v (at any point in any orbit!) is given by the vis viva v 2 GM 2 r 1 a where M is the mass of the Sun, r is the distance from the Sun (which varies continuously except in the special case of a circular orbit), and a is the semimajor axis of the orbit. Show your calculations and a sketch of the three orbits (the Earth's, the Mars', and the spacecraft's orbits). This is referred to as the "least energy" transfer orbit and is the most efficient way to move a spacecraft from one planet to another. (Hint: you will need to look up somewhere the size of the Earth’s and Mars’ orbits.) (Marks: 3)...
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2010 for the course SCI 238 taught by Professor Kines during the Spring '06 term at Waterloo.
 Spring '06
 Kines
 RNA

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