BEH225 Week 1 Appendix B Research Methods Matrix & Teacher Answer Key

BEH225 Week 1 Appendix B Research Methods Matrix & Teacher Answer Key

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Axia College Material Appendix B Research Methods Matrix A psychologist is planning to conduct a study that would examine pathological liars and the quality of their romantic relationships. You have been asked to provide the psychologist with a recommendation for which research method should be used to gather data on the pathological liars and their spouses . Using the table below list each research method and its advantages and disadvantages for use in this study. BEH 225
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Research Method Advantages Disadvantages Case Studies Highly detailed and descriptive information is collected. Expensive and time consuming for the researcher. Observation bias may also be a quandary. The psychologist may find correlations that may not actually exist. Naturalistic Observation Provides a large amount of first-hand behavioral data that is more likely to be accurate. Natural behavior tends be more accurate. Here, subject will be behaving naturally. Observer bias, the observer may contribute bias regarding what actually occurs and what he/she was hoping would occur in the situation. Surveys A relatively inexpensive way to collect a large amount of data in a timely manner. Biases may alter results. If the questions are unclear - presented in a way that individuals do not correctly understand, results may be incorrect or inconclusive. Survey participants may not answer the survey questions accurately and honestly. Correlational Research Allows prediction of behaviors as related attributes can be identified. Cause and effect may remain unknown or may prove inconclusive. This method does not allow researchers to come to conclusions regarding cause-and-effect relationships. BEH 225
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Experimental Research Often, the control of most variables permits the researcher an opportunity to draw conclusions about cause-and-effect- relationships. It is problematical to control the objective of pathological liar. Lab settings may influence the subject’s behavior and decision-making. Many variables cannot be controlled in the absolute.
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