BEH 225 - Week 8 - Psychological Disorders

BEH 225 - Week 8 - Psychological Disorders - Ronda White...

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Unformatted text preview: Ronda White Ronda BEH 225 University of Phoenix, Axia College I nstructor, Carol Tripp November 08, 2010 Common Types of Psychological Disorders Psychological M ood Disorder Mood Disturbed emotional state Personality Disorders Personality Thinking or behaving causing Thinking distress to self and conflicts with others with Sexual Disorders I mpaired abilities Impaired Desired unconventional sex Desired Schizophrenic Disorders Schizophrenic Severe and notable Severe I nappropriate emotions, Inappropriate behavior, and thought processes processes Childhood Disorders Childhood Generally diagnosed in stages Generally of infancy, childhood, or adolescence adolescence situations or items situations Confusion or denial of gender gender Mood Disorders Mood Depression, Mania, and Bipolar Depression Overwhelming sadness, loss of interest in activities and Overwhelming socializing socializing Mania Euphoric, active, talkative, easily distracted Bipolar A lternating between depression and mania with stints of a Alternating normal mood normal Sexual Disorders Sexual Sexual Dysfunction, Paraphilias, and Gender-I dentity Disorders Sexual Dysfunction Inability to function effectively during sex Erectile dysfunction Premature ejaculation Orgasmic disorder Paraphilias Desire for unconventional sexual situations or objects Fetishism Pedophilia Gender-Identity Denying own gender desire to become the opposite sex Personality Disorders Personality Three prominent “groups” Three Group 1: Odd/eccentric behavior eccentric behavior Schizoid Group 3: Dramatic, erratic, Group emotional behavior emotional Narcissistic Narcissistic Cannot or does not desire social relationship Inability for warm feelings toward others Constantly suspicious toward others Exaggerated sense of selfimportance I nstability in self-image, Instability relationships, and mood relationships, L ittle or no sense of Little responsibility Lie, steal, and cheat Paranoid Borderline Group 2: Anxious/fearful behavior Dependent Antisocial I nability to do things or think Inability independently i ndependently Social anxiety and isolation Avoidant Schizophrenic Disorders Schizophrenic Severe conditions Irregular thoughts and communications Inappropriate emotions Bizarre behavior lasting for years. Hallucinations and delusions Forms of schizophrenia include Disorganized schizophrenia Catatonic schizophrenia Paranoid schizophrenia Undifferentiated schizophrenia. Childhood Disorders Childhood Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder & Autism AD/HD Easily distracted Easily Impulsive Constantly on the move Autism M ay be identified in first few years of life May Failure to form normal attachments to parents Lacking social instinct Eccentric motor behavior Causes and Treatments Causes Childhood Disorders A D/HD AD/HD Causes unknown-Biological factors Treatments- medications A utism Autism Typically, causes are unknown but seem to consist of Typically, biological factors. biological Treatment may include therapy to help increase and Treatment progress certain skills and abilities. Causes and Treatments Causes Mood Disorders Depression Biological factors are prominent Psychological; debatable Psychological; Social factors seem to “ push” people already predisposed Social into depression i nto Treated commonly through medication and/or therapy Mania and Bipolar Disorder Strongly linked to heredity Treated mainly with medication Sexual Dysfunction Sexual Causes range. Physical illness, biological, and inheritance. Causes Treatments are generally medications. Causes and Treatments Causes Sexual Disorders Paraphilias Causes are generally indefinite. Perhaps, formed during development. Treatment - usually psychotherapy. Gender-Identity Causes are also unknown. Seems to be biological. Causes Treatments can include therapy or maybe even sexual surgery to Treatments change the sex. Causes and Treatments Causes Personality Disorders Origins and basis may be: A biological predisposition biological Contributed to adverse psychological experiences Unhealthy or unconventional social environments Omnipresent treatments for these disorders M edications Medications Therapy Causes and Treatments Causes Schizophrenic Disorders The causes?...Research continues Biological predisposition may be inherited Family relationships Lower-class socioeconomic environments Treatments M edications Therapy Hospitalization References: American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association Gabbard, G.O., Beck, J.S., Holmes, J. (2005). Oxford Textbook of Psychotherapy (1st ed.) New York: Oxford University Press Morris, C.G., Maisto, A.A. (2002). Psychology: An Introduction (12th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ...
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