77365925c889d49f72fe1ac4b45f2f34 - TheFarEastChina The...

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The Far East--China The great problem of the Middle East is the problem of Israel and its neighbors. One of the few moments of serious progress came in 1978 (Jimmy Carter). Few, possibly one, real success of the Carter administration. Meeting between the president of Egypt and prime minister of Israel took place at Camp David. The problems are immensely complicated. See map. o 1—Sinai Peninsula—where Moses wandered. o 2—Suez Canal—enabled Europeans to get to Asia without going around Africa. At this time, the Suez Canal is owned by Great Britain. o 3—area in Palestine referred to as the west bank because it is the western bank of the Jordan River(boundary between Jordan and Palestine—ends in the dead sea) o 4—city of Jerusalem o 5—Golan Heights—part of Syria. Only high ground (mountains, hills, 1,000+ ft). Dividing point between Palestine and Syria. o 6—Gaza strip First use of the term Israel was that of a man. According to Jewish, Christian, and Moslem teaching there was a man named Abraham. Abraham probably got his start up northern part of Iraq or Syria, maybe as far north as Turkey. Abraham—who’s God told him to go to Palestine and there find a land flowing with milk and honey. Abraham takes him family (tribe) to Palestine. Along the way he had two children, most famously, two sons. One was named Ishmael and one named Isaac. Isaac had two sons—Jacob and Esau. According to tradition, Ishmael is the original ancestor of the Arabs. According to tradition Jacob (later named Israel) is the progenitor of the Jews. Abraham and his sons/grandsons, etc. came to Palestine and took over. They established a kingdom which followed the Jewish God Yahweh and were Hebrew. The kingdom called itself Israel. Wasn’t long before they began fighting amongst themselves and created the Kingdom of Judah—kingdoms of Israel and Judah—both in Palestine. They were soon conquered. Israel was conquered in 722 BC and disappeared from the map. Judah lasted and was conquered in 586 BC by the Babylonians. o No one knows what happened to the people of the kingdom of Israel. But the people of the kingdom of Judah refused to be absorbed. They held on to their specific religious and cultural beliefs (dress, diet, conduct) and because they were from the kingdom of Judah and refused to be absorbed, they came to be called the Jews. o The Jews, who were part of this kingdom of Judah, rather than being absorbed, stood out and continued to practice their religion and although they wound up being dispersed throughout the Middle East in the Diaspora, they maintained something special. They refused to become parts of the communities to which they now belonged. Refused to adopt anyone else’s religion, dress, diet, rules, etc. they remained practicing Jews.
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