a90911fe433bfdbf0ef95d6534c35053 - After the Wars Thursday...

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After the Wars Thursday, November 06, 2008 9:06 AM 1. After the Wars o Nearly 11 million lost in WWI o Almost 30-50 million lost in WWII o France lost 2 million in both wars Equivalent to 10 million Americans o 1.3 million American causalities in all U.S. wars combined o Verdun The bloodiest battle in WWI France and German troops lost almost 1 million soldiers o WWII marked a dividing mark in the history of warfare Previous to WWII, it was soldiers that fought and died WWII, civilian causalities were nearly 1/2 of the total causalities Material losses were beyond comparison Nearly every city had been in war and therefore destroyed o Europe lost its ability to consider itself culturally superior to others Large causalities Holocaust Loss of colonial possessions 2. Europe Divided o After WWII, Germany was divided into parts o Divided into four zones of occupation Eastern - Soviet Northern - GB Middle - France Southern - US o The Marshall Plan Based on the idea that people who had enough to eat and saw the future would fall to Communism These countries needed money to rebuild "The best money the U.S. has ever spent" Guaranteed that Western Europe would not fall Created NATO The longest lasting peacetime treaty The catalyst for change in Europe o The Baby Boom Those born between 1946-1964 Produced the largest generation of Americans ever born Bébé Boum The European population explosion o Business Today we are used to the gov't and business working together
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Previous to WWII, this did not occur 3. Recovery in the West o Great Britain Recovery was extremely slow Less damage in GB than the rest of Europe because it had not been invaded The British tried to keep aging plants going while the rest of Europe built new ones Very committed around the world Palestine India The British were watching the dissolving of their empire Class Conflict Working class and managerial class Workers would sabotage products to give the British a negative view Winston Churchill Voted out almost as soon as there was an end to fighting Takes office again after the Conservatives win power again Do not attempt to undo the welfare state Anthony Eden Replaced Churchill in 1955 Architect of the Suez Crisis Clement Atlee Replaced Churchill Churchill did not like him Labour Party National Insurance Act Created welfare for all British citizens "Womb to the tomb" Health Services Act Social Democracy The Welfare-State of business and government o France
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