c3d27d663b277ad408a8ee1baa87d25d

c3d27d663b277ad408a8ee1baa87d25d - Louisiana natives and...

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Louisiana natives and European exploration 1. Native Americans a. Louisiana tribes i. Visible reminders on LSU campus because the first natives in Louisiana were “mound builders ii. Six linguistic groups 1. Attakpa a. Means ear flesh and this tribe had a reputation for cannibalism i. One story tells of men who were eaten by beautiful savages b. Wiped out by European disease 2. Caddo a. Along Louisiana-Texas border b. Lived in small permanent villages c. Natchitoches is one tribe of Caddo Indians i. Formal religious practices ii. Formal bureaucratic system 3. Tunica a. Live along Mississippi – Arkansas border b. Nomadic c. Moved to Baton Rouge and St. Francisville area when Europeans start coming in 4. Natchez a. Near modern Natchez Mississippi b. This is who the Spanish first come into contact with c. White apple is main Natchez settlement d. Highly developed cast system e. Believed to be most sophisticated of Louisiana Indians
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5. Muskegon a. South of the Natchez in the Florida parishes b. Houma is a sub group of the Muskegon and so are the bayougoula c. Large villages with hundreds of Indians 6. Chitimacha a. Lived around mouth of Mississippi river b. Three major tribes that would be constantly battling c. Very elaborate and highly developed 7. These six groups were all indigenous to Louisiana but when the Europeans come two new groups come a. Biloxi – between new Orleans and Mobile i. Merged with the Tunica b. Choctaw i. Very powerful tribe ii. They moved west as the British start to settle around the eastern coast and settled in Louisiana b. Differences and similarities with Europeans i. Differences 1. Indians often moved seasonally following herds of animals. Europeans on the other hand valued permanent settlement. 2. Use of land differs. Agriculture is important is important for everyone but in Europe they are overpopulated and there is not enough land so the Europeans developed very intense agricultural methods. In the U.S. there was plenty of land so the Indians did not have to practice intense agriculture. They don’t have to work hard to get the food they need and the Europeans view this as laziness. 3. Land ownership. Europeans believed in private property. The Indians had no concept of individual land ownership. The Europeans believe that everything on a piece of land owned by someone belongs to them. 4. Gender roles. In Native American culture the men hunted and the women farmed. The Europeans did not like this. In Europe hunting was a sport
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reserved for the rich so it appeared that the women were doing all the work while the men went out and played. 5. View of nature. Europeans came out of a judeo Christian background. “God gave humans the earth to subdue,” meaning you have to bend nature to work for human benefit. The native Americans were animistic and believed all living things had a soul and there was no war between man and nature. ii. Similarities
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c3d27d663b277ad408a8ee1baa87d25d - Louisiana natives and...

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