3c1bd7a7490cdad8ace94b3d53143fe0 - ChildrenofCain...

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Children of Cain Introduction     - violent people are scary because they are civilized, educated and cultured     - most of Latin America was conquered and colonized through violence, setting up a priority of power  over law   - the richest countries are the most corrupt and dangerous, while the poor countries respect laws Chapter 1  Medellin, Colombia   - it is very difficult to prosecute drug lords because they will have anyone who arrests, testifies against,  jails or judges killed     - if any of these people chose not to go against the drug lords, they would be rewarded with  tremendous amounts of money     - Alvaro Medina was the Superior Court judge who indicted Pablo Escobar (the most important cocaine  trafficker in the world)   - Colombian judges had the choice of “plata o plomo” (silver or lead - a bribe or a bullet - the only worry that Colombian drug lords have is being extradited for trial in the US - “better a grave in Colombia than a Jail in the US”  - 1980 to 1990 drug lords were responsible for the murder of 300 judicial employees, 40 journalists and  over 500 police - Latin American legal systems are based on the Napoleonic Code, requiring Judges to investigate  cases sicarios   are hired killers of the drug lords - an average of 15 murders occur every day in Medellin (highest murder rate in Colombia - Cocaine came to Colombia in the mid-70s (they process and export Cocaine, coca growing is not very  common here - Pablo Escobar and Jorge Ochoa worked with Carlos Lehder who had set up a US Cocaine Distribution  Network - 1989 President Barco declared war in the drug lords - the drug lords killed 259 civilians through acts or terrorism in the following nine months - 1990 the drug lords offered four thousand dollars to anyone who killed a policeman (42 killed the next  month - sicarios became commonplace and would kill anyone for any reason for the right amount of money - the government did nothing for fear of retaliation - by 1989 almost as many people worked in private security (for protection from sicarios) as the  National Police - examples of violence - most common reason children under 12 are brought to the ER is a gunshot wound - a priest was killed for not yielding at a traffic light -soccer referees and beauty contest judges receive death threats
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- a group of scientists believe that the violence is caused by the breakdown of government institutions - they recommend strengthening the government institutions - argue that since the community doesn’t backup the government, it remains weak
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