lecture 19 - U rban Canada Int roduction Definition of...

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Urban Canada Introduction - Definition of urban (in Canada) > 1000 (compare with other definitions, eg. 2500 in U.S) - Census metropolitan Area (CMA) : urban core population of at least 100000; currently 33 CMAs; 68% of Canada’s population live in these CMAs - Canada became urban ‘recently’ and ‘rapidly’ - 1931 first census where 50% of Canadian classed as urban - Trends o Late 1920 = 50% urban (1931) o 1960s>50% metropolitan (Canadians living in cities . 100000) o 1970s> 50% suburban - The urban transformation: o 1921 6 cities >100000 0>1 million o 1961 18 cities>100000 2>1 million o 1996 25 cities >100000 4>1 million o 2006 33 cities>100000 6>1 million (Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Ottawa, Calgary and Edmonton added) - Canadian urban system dominated by Quebec City-Windsor urban axis (“Main Street” – Canadian equivalent to “Megalopolis in U.S” - Characteristics of Main Street o Total Area = 147000 km2 o 1996 population = 15.6 million o Density = 106.1 persons/km2
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o Number of cities = 50 (17 of 33 CMAs) o % urban (in Main Street) = 87% - At national scale, 51% of all urban Canadians live in 4 urban regions: o Toronto 6.7 million
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