Lect-17_1 - Lecture 17 Genes and Proteins Lecture Outline...

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Lecture 17: Genes and Proteins Lecture 17: Genes and Proteins
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Outline Outline Genes vs Proteins Genes vs Proteins Genotypes vs Phenotypes Genotypes vs Phenotypes One-gene-one-enzyme relation One-gene-one-enzyme relation One functional protein with multi genes One functional protein with multi genes
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Genes vs Proteins Genes vs Proteins Genes --------> heritable units dictating phenotypes,                           in modern terms, genes = DNA sequences                          two units (alleles) for diploid organisms                          segregation and independent assortment (meiosis)                               Proteins  -----> functional units derived from genes                          in modern terms, proteins = amino acid sequence = DNA seq.                          many different types of proteins                                 enzymes                                 transporter                                 structural proteins
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