tutorial_9 - semanticambiguity: thanonething...

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semantic ambiguity : a word in the sentence can mean more  than one thing. e.g., “glasses”, “bank”… syntactic ambiguity : the  structure  of the sentence doesn’t settle  its interpretation. Su-Feh watched Andrew dance with intensity. grouping ambiguity : it is not clear whether a group of things is to be taken individually  or collectively. Neurophysiologists make more money than teachers. The people of China consume more calories than do the people  of Canada. type/token ambiguity : it is not clear whether the referent is a token (a specific instance  of a thing) or a type (a kind of thing). Compare: Oh, we have the same dress! Oh, we have the same boyfriend!! Often, context will disambiguate. Equivocation : 1. Britney Spears is a star. 1
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2. A star is a large object which emits energy such as light and       heat. 3. Britney Spears is a large object which emits energy such as  light and heat. 1. Odd things arouse suspicion. 2. The number 17 is odd.     3. The number 17 arouses suspicion. 1. Homework is a pain. 2. Tylenol makes pain go away.     3. Tylenol will make my homework go away. Testimonial Argument Pattern 1. S said that P is true 2. S was sincere in saying P 3. S is knowledgeable about the subject matter of P 2
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4. Usually, when a person sincerely says that P is true, and is       an expert on the subject matter of P, P is true. (PTA-principle   of testimonial arguments) 5. P is true (1)-(4) I would like to set the record straight on a number of claims in  “Holes in the Fish Safety Net” (editorial, October 17)
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