hlth class notes

hlth class notes - Weight Management (10/14 and10/21) A...

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Weight Management (10/14 and10/21) Approaches to Overcoming A Weight Problem Doing it yourself o Initial weight loss from fluids o Very low calorie diets need to be avoided o 05-2.0 pounds per week Diet Supplements and Diet Aids o Formula drinks and food bars o Herbal supplements o Other supplements Body Image Body Dimorphic Disorder (BDD): extreme body image dissatisfaction o Affects 2% of Americans o Related to obsessive-compulsive disorder o Untreated, can lead to depression, social phobia, and suicide o Muscle Dimorphic – experienced by body builders (people who see themselves as small, when in fact they are very muscular) o Even distributed among gender (equal amounts in men and women, but we might respond differently) Eating Disorders Adolescent girls and young women Major eating disorders o Anorexia nervosa
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o Bulimia nervosa o Binge eating disorder 10 million American females and 1 million males Dissatisfaction with body image and body weight Turning point in life can trigger the onset of an eating disorder as a means of coping Linked to increase illness (physical and psychological), premature death Genetic component Anorexia Nervosa Failure to eat enough food Affects 3 million people – 95% are female o Typically develops between the ages of 12 and 18 Characteristics o Fear of gaining weight or being overweight despite being dangerously thin o Distorted self image o Compulsive behaviors and rituals o Excessive exercise Health Risks o Stop menstruation o Intolerant of cold o Low blood pressure and heart rate o Dry skin
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o Hands and feet may swell and take on a blue tinge o Depression and suicide Medical complications o Disorders of the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, endocrine, and skeletal systems Bulimia Nervosa Recurring episodes of binge eating followed by purging Begins in adolescence or young childhood o Increasingly younger (11-12) and older (40-60) Characteristics o Rapidly consumes food, then purges o Done in secret o After a binge – feels ashamed, disgusted and physical and emotional drained Health Risks o Erodes tooth enamel o Liver and kidney damage o Arrhythmia o Chronic hoarseness o Esophageal tearing o Menstrual problems o Increased depression o Impaired cognitive functioning Binge-Eating Similar to Bulimia except no Purging behavior (2% of Americans) o Eating behavior: very rapid, eating until uncomfortably full, eating when not hungry, eating alone o Often eat as a way of coping o Likely to be obese o High rates of depression and anxiety
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Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
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Leading cause of death in the U.S. Affects nearly 81 million Americans
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hlth class notes - Weight Management (10/14 and10/21) A...

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