Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

CCJS100 FIRST EXAM STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 1 Doing Justice Offenders will be held full accountable for their actions The rights of a person who have contact with the system will be protected Like offenses will be treated alike and officials will take into account relevant differences among offenders and offenses Controlling Crime Punish those who disobey law Defines what is illegal and outlines the rights of citizens Outlines procedure that officials must follow Taking action against wrongdoers; but must also prevent crimes from happening Preventing Crime Deterrent Effect: punishment of the crime should deter someone from doing the crime fine for speeding deters drivers from speeding Citizens are also responsible for preventing crime but cannot take the law into their own hands Federalism : a system of government in which power is divided between a central (national) government and regional (state) governments Dual Court System : a system consisting of a separate judicial structure for each state in addition to a national structure. Each case is tried in the same jurisdiction in which the crime was committed or law was broken. Most criminal laws are written by the state and enforced by the state, a variety of national criminal laws are written by the federal government and enforced by the FBI and other federal agencies Police Keeping the Peace Apprehending Violators and Combating Crime Providing Social Services Preventing Crime Courts Determine whether or not a defendant is guilty (adjudication) Impose sentences appropriate to the behavior being punished Corrections Prison (+1 year), Jail (-1year), determine parole, etc
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Packer’s Crime Control : a model of the criminal justice system that assumes freedom is so important that every effort must me made to repress crime Focuses on PREVENTING CRIME, capacity to try, convict, apprehend Due Process Model : a model of the criminal justice system that assumes freedom is so important that every effort must be made to ensure that criminal justice decisions are based on reliable information Focuses on the RIGHTS OF DEFENDANTS, decision making procedures The Court Process ADJUDICATION : the process of determining whether a defendant is guilty 1) Investigation : police believe that a crime has been committed 2) Arrest : physically taking a person into custody pending a court proceeding 3) Booking : the record made of the arrest (fingerprints, mug shot) 4) Charging : the decision charge crucial to get the adjudication going 5) Initial appearance : appear before a judge where he/she decides whether there is enough evidence for a trial 6) Preliminary hearing/grand jury : judge looks to see if theres probable cause that they committed a crime information a document charging a person…there also could be an indictment which is the real charge against the person 7) Indictment/information : prosecutor prepares the formal charging document and presents it to the court 8) Arraignment
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '07
  • Gaston
  • criminal law

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern