PSYC353 - Chapter 5 pg 194 208 Habituation a decrease in...

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Chapter 5 – pg. 194 - 208 Habituation – a decrease in response to repeated stimulation – means learning has occurred and the infant has a memory representation of the stimulus. Infants who habituate relatively rapidly, who take short looks at visual stimuli, and who show a greater preference for novelty tend to have higher IQs when tested later in life. Perceptual Learning – Infants use perceptual abilities to search for order and regularity in the world around them, and they learn a great deal from what they perceive. Differentiation – the extraction from the constantly changing stimulation in the enivornment of those elements that are invariant, or stable. With age and experience, infants become increasingly efficient at extracting relevant information, and they are able to make finer and finer discriminations among stimuli. - example: associating between tone of voice and facial expression (a smiling face w/ pleasant tone of voice) Affordances – the possibilities for action offered by object and situations -
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