Chapter 1 - Pysc335 Chapter One WHY STUDY CHILD DEVLOPEMNT...

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Pysc335: Chapter One WHY STUDY CHILD DEVLOPEMNT Three reasons: gain information and understanding that can help parents raise their own children successfully, gain insight into social-policy issues related to children and to help society adopt policies that promote children’s well-being and better understand human nature in general Raising Children One problem that confronts almost all parents is how to help their children manage anger and other negative emotions o Express sympathy o Help angry child find positive alternatives to expressing anger o “turtle technique” when a child finds himself or herself becoming angry, they are told to move away from other children and retreat into their “turtle shell” where they can think through the situation until they are ready to emerge from the shell Choosing Social Policies Key questions: show much preschoolers’ testimony in court should be trusted o Studies show that when children are yielded from leading questions they can be reliable witnesses but remain highly susceptible to leading questions, especially ones asked repeatedly Understanding Human Nature Within limits, human nature is sufficiently flexible to overcome extreme deprivations experienced in the early years HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE STUDY OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT Early Philosophical Views of Children Development Earliest recorded ideas were from Plato and Aristotle both reflect the idea that the long-term welfare of society depended on children being raised properly Plato saw it especially important to carefully raise boys who nature would otherwise lead to their becoming rebellious and unruly – he emphasized self-control and discipline a the most important goals of education o Believed children were born with innate knowledge Aristotle was more concerned with fitting child rearing to the needs of the individual child o Believed all knowledge came from experience
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200 years later, Jean-Jacques Rousseau refocused attention on the importance of parents setting good examples of honestly, stability and gentleness to build children’s character (like Aristotle, believed children receive all knowledge from experience) o Whereas Locke advocated first instilling disciple in children and then progressively increasing their freedom, Rousseau believed that parents and society should give children maximum freedom from the beginning because children learn from their own spontaneous interactions with objects and other people The Beginnings of Research on Children Charles Darwin theory of evolution During the 18,19, and early 20 th century, young children worked in coal mines and factories and long hours and unhealthy and dangerous work environments lead to the earliest research in the area of child development Darwin was interested in child development and in 1877 published an article “A Biological Sketch of an Infant” which presented careful observations of the motor,
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2010 for the course PSYC 353 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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Chapter 1 - Pysc335 Chapter One WHY STUDY CHILD DEVLOPEMNT...

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