Final Exam Study Guide - PSYC355 Fall 2009 Study Guide...

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PSYC355, Fall 2009 Study Guide – Final Exam Below is a review of the main “points” or “concepts” for each lecture/chapter covered since the last mid-term. These broad questions should challenge your thinking and help you prepare for both the essay and multiple choice questions on the exam. In addition, some practice multiple choice questions are provided to test your knowledge more specifically. More practice multiple choice questions can be found at: Friendships/Peer Groups 11/23/2009 Chapter 13 What functions do friendships serve? Are there sex differences? What are the benefits of friendships? Are there any possible costs associated with friendships? What factors influence children’s choices of friends? How does friendship change across development? How do peer relationships shape development? What functions do peer groups/cliques serve, and how do they change across development? Are there sex differences? Are there any possible costs associated with peer group membership? How is status in the peer group assessed? What are the characteristics and outcomes associated with peer group status (Hint: popular, rejected, neglected, and controversial children)? Is there anything that can be done to help children gain acceptance from their peers? What role do parents play in children’s peer relationships? Moral Development 11/30/2009 Chapter 14 What theories about moral judgment have been proposed? What are the critiques of each theory? How are the theories of moral judgment similar and how do they differ? What is the conscience and how does it develop? What factors influence its development? How does prosocial behavior develop? What factors influence its development? How can we increase children’s prosocial behavior? How does aggression change across development? What are the origins and influences of aggression? Are there differences in the manifestation of aggression across development? Are there sex differences?
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How is early aggression associated with later antisocial behavior? What characteristics are associated with the development of problems with aggression and antisocial behavior? Developmental Psychopathology/Mood Disorders in Preschoolers 12/02/2009 Supplemental Readings Why was preschool psychopathology a largely ignored area of research until recently? What have previous studies on preschool psychopathology found? What are the limitations of these studies? Dr. Dougherty and her colleagues assessed the prevalence of parent-reported DSM-IV disorders in a large community sample of preschoolers. How did this study fill a gap in the research on preschool psychopathology? What was the overall rate of preschoolers who met criteria for at least one DSM disorder? What was the rate of comorbidity? Which disorders seemed to have a prevalence rate that was high and which seemed to have a prevalence rate that was low?
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