PSYC336 - Final Exam Review

PSYC336 - Final Exam Review - PSYC336/WMST336 Review Sheet:...

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PSYC336/WMST336 Fall 2009 Review Sheet: Final Exam General Terminology 1). Sex: a biological category of males and females that is based on some inborn characteristics that is related to reproduction. - can be categorized by your genes - defined by reproductive organs - defined by sex hormones - Biological sex is not determines by culture. 2). Gender: explains the social categories between male and female, created by culture, by the values of your society; it is not a biological category, and it is defined by psychological features and roles. 3). Sexism: negative reaction or prejudiced against someone based on their feminine or masculine sex, it is an attitude . Benevolent Sexism: women need special treatment because they are pure, weak, or helpless, (it can be seen as a good thing to women, at times, mean were preventing women from having certain occupations due to this). Ex: Picking something heavy up for women because they are seen as less competent, women are seen as incompetent in the military and not allowed to fight in the war. Hostile Sexism: women should know their place (women should not practice medicine, law or be involved in the military). 4). Stereotypes: the features we assign to different people (gender, race, etc.), they are likely to have these attributes and they are generally related to gender roles. - Personality - Appearance - Behaviors - Occupations - Stereotypes help us evaluate information about a person based on their sex, and we use this information to process how people should act. - Stereotypes have 2 components: 1). Descriptive: representative set features that go with a specific group (leads us to make expectations of what people should be like) 2). Prescriptive: what do our stereotypes tell us that people should do (helps us make judgments about people based on prototype) 5). Stereotype Threat: occurs when you feel like you are being negatively judged by your gender. Ex: women are seen as incompetent in medicine. - Gender Role Strain: when there is a conflict between your true inclinations and your knowledge of the stereotypes and what the stereotypes tell you to do. 6). Feminism: people who are in favor of males and females being treated equally, women should have the same access and respect that is afforded to males in our society. 1). Liberal Feminist: reduce gender differences 2). Cultural Feminists: we should try to increase the respect and value to these kinds of traits (caring, nurturing, etc.), expand these qualities towards men.
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3). Radical Feminists: women should be separate from men, they should have their own institution because men were just impossible and hopeless. 4).
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PSYC336 - Final Exam Review - PSYC336/WMST336 Review Sheet:...

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