Lecture Notes (1-22-09) - Socialization What is...

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Socialization What is socialization? o The process (ongoing) by which children, adolescents, and adults learn what is expected of them through their interactions with other individuals. o Socializing agents are anything that shapes a person’s values, beliefs or behaviors ie Parents, pop culture, friends etc. Actively taught behaviors vs displayed behaviors % Aka direct vs indirect socialization People expect that girls will be more verbal, compliant, passive, physically weak, and clean. Boys, girls, and household chores o Gender driven Boys’ are usually outside and girls’ are usually inside Independence o Parents foster more independence seeking in boys than girls. Spanking o Spanking vs hugging o 65% of parents say they never spank daughters as opposed to 55% who don’t spank sons. o 17% spank sons often or very often as opposed to 8% of girls. o Spanked kids have a lower IQ than unspanked kids. o Girls are more likely to be hugged and boys 12-18 yr old boys are less likely to be hugged at all. Socialization particular to girls o Tales of transformation ie Cinderella, Barbie etc… o Themes of beauty as social mobility- a way of hard life or difficult circumstances. o Research on fairy tales: Reinforce females that female attractiveness and passivity are important qualities that should try and be achieved Emphasis on female beauty and a correlation between the number of times beauty is mentioned and the popularity of the tale. Beauty as a vehicle for social mobility o Men emphasize physical attractiveness when choosing a sexual or romantic partner o This is how body image develops * What is socialization? * The process by which children, adolescents and adults learn what is expected of them through their interactions with other individuals * Socializing agents are anything that shapes a persons’ values, beliefs or behaviors * Examples?
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