SOCI 200 April 7 lecture notes

SOCI 200 April 7 lecture notes - Nokyeong Kim Tuesday,...

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Nokyeong Kim Tuesday, 4/7/2009 SOCI 200 Lecture Notes Domestic Violence the dark side of families The Development of Schooling modern education industrialization leads to o a demand for a better-educated labor force schooling in the U.S. has its origins in the Puritan belief that all children should obey their parents without question All states in the U.S. provided free elementary schooling by the 1850s Compulsory education was introduced in most states toward the end of the 19 th century. In the U.S., education was seen as an avenue of mobility in a society in which the aristocratic ideal had never held sway. Educational attainment for different racial and ethnic groups, 2004 High School Asian Americans 86.8% Whites 85.8% African Americans 80.6% Cuban descent 72.1% Puerto Rican descent 71.8% Mexican Americans 51.9% o Latina females have highest dropout rates College o Asian Americans 49.4% o Whites 28.2% o African Americans 17.6% o Cuban descent 24% o Puerto Rican descent 14% o Mexican Americans 7.9% Education and Inequality: Coleman and Jencks Family background plays the decisive influence on students’ educational performance. Material resources provided in schools made little difference to educational performance o 1. Education tends to express & reaffirm existing inequalities more than it changes them o 2. The formal school curriculum is only one part of a more general process of social reproduction o 3. The hidden curriculum plays a significant role in social reproduction Education and Inequality Jonathan Kozol (1991) studied schools in about 30 neighborhoods in the U.S. His findings showed huge disparity in school resources among the schools he studied. Page 1 of 5
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Nokyeong Kim Tuesday, 4/7/2009 SOCI 200 Lecture Notes o Kozol’s book is called Savage Inequalities Are educational opportunities equal for everyone? o
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SOCI 200 April 7 lecture notes - Nokyeong Kim Tuesday,...

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