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ch01-scott-2003-OT - The Subject Is Organizations I What is...

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1 The Subject Is Organizations I. What is a Formal Organization? Special type of secondary group designated to allow a relatively large number of people to accomplish complex goals. clearly stated operating principles special mechanisms to coordinate the activities of their members clear lines of authority and communication identifiable leaders unambiguous boundaries.
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2 The Subject Is Organizations II. The Importance of Formal Organizations (1) Organizations are ubiquitous. We live in the age of formal organizations. In modern industrialized societies, we do find large numbers of organizations engaged in performing many highly diverse tasks.
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3 The Subject Is Organizations II. The Importance of Formal Organizations (2) organizations and their bureaucracies let us “get things done.” An organization is designed to accomplish routine tasks by large numbers of people as efficiently as possible. Most contemporary formal organizations take the form of bureaucracies. (1) an extensive division of labor (2) explicit written rules and regulations (3) written records (4) a hierarchy of authority (5) hiring and promotion on the basis of objective qualifications (6) impersonal, universalistic treatment
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4 The Subject Is Organizations II. The Importance of Formal Organizations (2) organizations and their bureaucracies let us “get things done.” All of these characteristics ultimately serve a single
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