ch04-scott-2003-OT - Organizations as Open Systems I....

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1 Organizations as Open Systems I. Introduction 1. Organizations have parts which are interdependent. 2. Organizations have environments. The sources of materials, energy, information, and orders 3. What matters is the process of organizing. The open system perspective shifts attention from structure (organization) to process (organizing).
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2 Organizations as Open Systems II. Special Emphases and Insights (1) Organization as Cybernetic Systems Systems are capable of self regulation (e.g. thermostat). The system contains differentiated parts that work together and convert inputs to outputs through control programs and feedback processes. To view an organization as a cybernetic system is to stress the importance of the operations, control, and policy center, and the flows among them. Double feedback system is a crucial mechanism for an organization’s adaptation monitoring environmental reactions on the system’s past performance.
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3 Organizations as Open Systems II. Special Emphases and Insights (2) Organizations as Loosely Coupled Systems Organizations have semi-autonomous and loosely connected subparts. The normative structure of an organization (formal
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2010 for the course MANAGEMENT 12345 taught by Professor Dr.eslami during the Spring '10 term at University of Management and Technology.

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ch04-scott-2003-OT - Organizations as Open Systems I....

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