ch06-scott-2003-OT - Conceptions of Environments I The...

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1 Conceptions of Environments I. The analysis of environments (1) Levels of analysis 1. Social psychological level 2. Structural level 3. Ecological level Organizational sets Organizational populations Interorganizational community Organization fields
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2 Conceptions of Environments I. The analysis of environments (1) Levels of analysis 1. Organization sets In this approach, researchers view the environment from the standpoint of a specific (focal) organization. The interdependence between focal organization and its environment A given organization participates in a variety of relations depending on the identity of its specific partners (clients, competitors, suppliers, distributors, etc). Organization’s domain refers to what the organization defines to be its terrain. In determining the domain, organizations decide what environments they are going relate to.
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3 Conceptions of Environments I. The analysis of environments (1) Levels of analysis 2. Organizational populations Organizational population refers to aggregates of organizations that are “alike in some respect.” institutions of higher educations, newspapers The basic key to identifying a population is the possession of a common organizational form. commonsense definitions (e.g., organizations in the same industry) geographical criteria for bounding it
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4 Conceptions of Environments I. The analysis of environments (1) Levels of analysis 3. Interorganizational community All relationships among a collection of organizations in a community The entire community itself is the unit of study. The network of relations among organizations
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5 Conceptions of Environments I. The analysis of environments (1) Levels of analysis 4. Organization fields Organization fields refer to the organizations that, in the aggregate, constitute a recognized area of institutional life.
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