ch07-scott-2003-OT - Creating Organizations I. The...

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1 Creating Organizations I. The emergence of organizations How and why do organizations come into existence? Organizations have emerged as one of the great social transformations that distinguishes the modern from the pre-modern world. How do modern social structures and organizations differ from traditional forms?
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2 Creating Organizations I. The emergence of organizations (1) The changing relations of individual and corporate actors In the modern world, organizations emerged as part of a dual-level process. The same social changes that brought about the development of individualism - the freeing of material resources and human resources from all-absorbing and patrimonial social structures - are responsible for the growth of organizations. Both developments celebrate the legitimation of specialized, particularized goals of individual and corporate actors and the freedom to own and mobilize resources in their pursuit.
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3 Creating Organizations I. The emergence of organizations (2) Societal conditions favoring the development of organizations 1. Widespread literacy 2. Specialized advanced schooling 3. Urbanization 4. Money economy 5. Political revolution These general conditions are particularly more important for new organizations, because the new organizations suffer the liability of newness : new organizations and in particular new forms of organizations are likely to fail.
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4 Creating Organizations I. The emergence of organizations (3) Rational system explanations of the origins of organizations 1. Dividing labor The division of labor supports the application of
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2010 for the course MANAGEMENT 12345 taught by Professor Dr.eslami during the Spring '10 term at University of Management and Technology.

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ch07-scott-2003-OT - Creating Organizations I. The...

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