ch08-scott-2003-OT - Boundary Setting and Boundary Spanning...

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1 Boundary Setting and Boundary Spanning I. The social boundaries of organizations (1) Determining organizational boundaries Difficulties to determine the boundaries of organizations Organizations depend on and are penetrated by their environments. More and more organizations are subsumed under broader social structures. Organizational boundaries fluctuate over time responding to the environmental changes. Defining the boundaries of organizations Actors : who is and who is not regarded as a member. Social relations : Actors are involved in social relations of a specific type. (e.g., frequency of interaction) Activities : An individual will perform different activities as they cross an organizational boundary.
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2 Boundary Setting and Boundary Spanning I. The social boundaries of organizations (2) Recruitment criteria A. Rational system approaches Boundaries contribute to organizational rationality. Officials should be appointed by free contract according to their technical qualifications. The selection criteria are organizationally relevant and the selection process is relatively free from the influence of other social affiliations or non-organizational characteristics.
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3 Boundary Setting and Boundary Spanning I. The social boundaries of organizations (2) Recruitment criteria B. Natural-open system approaches Organizational participants possess multiple social identities (e.g., race, gender, social class, and age). Participants are recruited not only because they contribute to goal attainment and effectiveness of organizations, but because they possess extra- organizational characteristics that are valuable to the survival of organizations.
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