Project3-4 - Underground Railroad The Underground Railroad...

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Civil War In the 1800s, the economies of North and South had grown in very different directions. The economy of the North was industrial and the economy of the South was agricultural. The large plantations of the South depended on slavery and the North opposed it. As new territories became eligible to be come states, the South wanted them to be slave states where it is legal to own slaves. The North wanted them to be free states where it is illegal to own states. In 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected president, without the support of any southern state. By February 1861, seven southern states had seceded from the Union. The battle at Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, marked the beginning of the Civil War.
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Unformatted text preview: Underground Railroad The Underground Railroad is a loose network of antislavery supporters that helped fugitive slaves escaping north to Canada. Although it was in operation for many years, the activity on the Underground Railroad in the 1850’s in response to the Fugitive Slave Act. Slaves used the Big Dipper constellation to guide them northward. Safe houses where escaped slaves could stay were called stations. Harriet Tubman, herself a runaway slave, returned fifteen times to the south to liberate at least 300 slaves. She became known as “Moses” for her efforts....
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