Splits and Significant Outgrowths
In 1897, during the Morris Administration, a group of National Baptist pastors left
the convention and formed the
Lott Carey Foreign Mission Convention
separation was centered on two issues: the location of the foreign mission board
and greater cooperation with White Baptists.
Though not characterized as a split, it is worth noting that a licensed Baptist
preacher from a Baptist Association in
named Charles Mason, would in
1907 form an organization called the
Church Of God In Christ
. It is now one of
America's largest Pentecostal Denominations.
The second split, also during Morris' Presidency, came in 1915 over ownership and
operation of the Publishing Board. Of all of the agencies of the convention, the
Publishing Board was the most successful, under the leadership of R. H. Boyd.
Leaders and pastors of the Convention became suspicious of the actions of the
Publishing Board when they did not receive the reports they thought the
convention ought. A debate ensued concerning the ownership and those who
supported Boyd and his view that the Board was independent of the Convention
formed the National Baptist Convention of America. It became known as the
Unincorporated Convention (now
National Baptist Convention of America, Inc.
Because of the question of incorporation, leaders who remained in the original
Convention led a movement to incorporate the Convention. The
amended in 1916 and the convention was later incorporated, naming itself the
National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.
It was during the Jackson tenure that a third split occurred in the Convention. The
two key issues were tenure and the lack of support of the civil rights movement.
Gardner C. Taylor
of New York challenged Jackson for the Presidency, but lost.
After the election, a group led by L. Venchael Booth, formed a new Convention at
the Zion Baptist Church,
in 1961, calling itself the
National Baptist Convention
In 1992 a fellowship was formed within the convention by Paul S. Morton of New
Orleans, Louisiana. The organization was named the
Full Gospel Baptist Church
. This organization's focus was on spiritual gifts,
speaking in tongues
, etc. The leadership of this fellowship later
separated completely from the Convention.