Outline Chapter 10 - Outline Chapter 10 The Changing...

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Outline Chapter 10 The Changing American Population: American industrial revolution was a result of many factors: advances in transportation and communications, the growth of manufacturing technology, the development of new systems of business organization, and perhaps above all, population. I. Population Trends A. Rapid population growth 1. The American population, 4 million in 1790, had reached 10 million by 1820 and 17 million by 1840. Improvement in public health played a role in this growth. 2. After 1808, when the importation of slaves became illegal, the portion of blacks to white in the nation as a whole steadily declined. B. Burgeoning Immigration 1. Immigration contributed little in the first three decades of the nineteenth century, but as Europe started to have more trouble it soon increased. 2. The migration introduced new groups to the U.S. most notably immigrants from the southern (Catholic) counties of Ireland. 3. They mostly moved to the Northeast, but as the New England areas became less profitable. Some moved to the agricultural regions of the West but most moved to the East. II. Immigration and Urban Growth, 1840-1860 A. Rapid Urbanization 1. The growth of cities accelerated dramatically between 1840 and 1860. 2. Booming agriculture in the produced growth 3. in 1830 trade moved from around the Mississippi River to the Great lakes. 4. Immigration also swelled, but not in the South B. Irish and German Immigrants 1. New comers came from Ireland and Germany. Irish settled in the east and joined the unskilled labor force. the Germans went to the Northwest and became farmers and small businessmen. III. The Rise of Nativism Many politicians were for immigration, but many were also against them. They said they were racially inferior or they would corrupt politics. Out of these fears and prejudices emerged a number of secret societies to combat the "alien menace" A. Native American Party 1. The first Native American Association was the Native American party, and they came to be known as the "Know-Nothings" because of their strict code is secrecy. B. The Know-Nothing 1. After the 1852 elections, they created a new political organization that they called the American Party. 2. They did well in many places, and also won control of the state government in Massachusetts. But after 1854 the Know-Nothing declined and then disappeared. Transportation and communication revolution: IV. The Canal Age A. Advantages of Canals 1. financing Canals fell into the hands of the states, New York was the first to act 2. advantage here was a natural a of a good land route between the Hudson River and Lake Erie through the only land break in the Appalachian chain. B. Impact of the Erie Canal 1. Greatest construction project Americans had ever undertaken. 2. It was a simple ditch, but the construction was difficult. After opening the traffic was so busy that the entire construction cost was repaid in seven years.
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  • The American, Massachusetts, Laborer, Work Force A.

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