Chapter 12 Study guide (mimi version)

Chapter 12 Study guide (mimi version) - C hapter 12 Study...

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Chapter 12 Study guide!! James Fenimore Cooper 1. The first well know American novelist was (--). He had over 30 novels over 30 years. He mastered the adventure and suspense genre. He evoked vivid images of the American wilderness. He developed his own genres "Leatherstocking Tales" Most famous works include : "Last of the Mohicans" and "The Deer Slayer" (--) novels were a culmination of the effort to produce a truly American literature. They celebrated American spirit and landscape. Walt Whitman 2. (--) was another writer in the 1850s who was the self proclaimed poet of American democracy. He came after Cooper and displayed the grip of romanticism more clearly. He wrote Leaves of Grass (unrestrained celebration of democracy in poems) He helped liberate verse form traditional restrictive conventions. He free versed it and made it acceptable. He also helped to express the soaring spirit of individualism in America. Herman Melville 3. His most famous work was "Moby Dick", it was a story of courage, individual strength, pride, and revenge. Melville's conviction was that the human spirit was troubled and self-destructive. Edgar Allan Poe’s 4. (--) goes before Melville and Whitman, but he doesn't follow the pattern of the others. Wrote early but were not ground breaking. "The Raven" was his most famous short story and was written in 1845. It was so famous because it showed people going above the confides of human intellect and explore the deeper world of spirit and emotions, and he expressed that it was sad, pain, and horror. transcendentalists 5. Trans embraced the theory of the individual that rested on a distinction between reason and understanding 6. They are saying to not be satisfied with what society tells you to think. Go beyond that and find your own way to relating with the world. Be a rebel; be an individual. 7. They ranged against conformity, and questioned authority.
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Ralph Waldo Emerson 8. They were led by (--) he was a minister who left the church and devoted his life to writing and teaching transcendentalism. 9. (--) produced a large body of poetry, but was most known for his essays and lectures. "Nature" is his most famous work. 10. He was also a committed nationalist, and an ardent proponent of American cultural independence. 11. He also believed that individuals should resist pressures to conform. Henry David Thoreau 12. He inspired (--), he took Emerson's beliefs of non-conformity and what he considered the artificial constraints of society and took it even further with his civil disobedience. His most famous book was "Walden", he lived for 2 years by himself on Walden Pond, living very simply. Once he returned to society he extended his rejection of society even further by not paying taxes because he felt it supported a gov that permitted slavery.
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