The Roman Republic - 1 The Roman Republic The Geography of...

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1 The Roman Republic ! The Geography of Rome and Italy ! Early Development of Rome ! The Republican Constitution ! Rome’s Rise to Power in the Mediterranean Some Important Items ! Etruscans ! Latins ! Rome (A.U.C.=753 B.C.) ! Gens ! Romulus ! Tarquinus Superbus (expelled 509) ! Patricians ! Plebeians ! Consuls ! Praetors ! Imperium ! Tribunes of the Plebs ! Senate ! Centuriate Assembly ! Tribal Assembly ! Plebeian Assembly ! Carthage ! First Punic War (264-241) ! Quinquereme ! Corvus ! Second Punic War (218-201) ! Hannibal (248-183/182) ! Battle of Lake Trasimene (217) ! Quintus Fabius Maximus ! Battle of Canae (216) ! Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (235-183) ! Battle of Zama (202) ! Triumph ! Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Elder) ! Carthago delenda est ! Third Punic War (149-146)
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2 Reading Assignment " Perry, Western Civilization , 118-130 " Handout, “The Roman Republic” The Geography of Rome and Italy ! North and northwest, protected by the Alps ! From north to south: " Po River valley " Etruria " Tiber River and Latium " Campania " Magna Graecia Early Development of Rome ! First civilization in Italy – Etruscans " “Eastern” people " Initially settled in north-central foothills of the Alps in ca. 850 " Moved south until stopped by Greek colonists at Cumae (near Naples) in 524 " Etruscans left written inscriptions but little is known about their language ! Other settlers in the peninsula included: " Greeks – colonized in southern Italy “Magna Graecia ” " The Latins – built settlements on strategically defensible hilltop sites ! One branch of the Latins settled on hills along the Tiber River – Rome " Rome was originally a city-state under a king or rex - According to legend, the first king and the founder of Rome, was Romulus # According to legend he and his twin Remus were suckled by a she-wolf # Romulus slew Remus in a dispute # Founding date – 753 B.C. – used by Romans to date their calendar ! Early Rome divided into clans ( gens , gentes in Latin) ! Two key divisions: " Patricians – most important clans - From pater = father - Originally formed the council (“Senate”) which advised the king " Plebeians – the remainder of the clans ! Political life under the monarchy: " King - Served as head of the religion - Held power to act as judge and lead the army (
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