Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age

Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age - 1 Alexander...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age ! Philip II of Macedon ! ! The Hellenistic World ! Hellenistic Science Some Important Items ! Philip II of Macedonia (r. 359-336) ! Sarissa ! Alexander (r. 336-323) ! Battle of Granicus River (334) ! Darius III of Persia ! Battle of Gaugamela (331) ! Seleucid Kingdom ! Antigonid Macedonia ! Ptolemaic Egypt ! Eratosthenes (275-195) Reading Assignment ! Perry, Western Civilization , 102-116 Philip II of Macedonia ! Macedonia " Tribal kingdom to the north of the Greek mainland " On periphery of Greek world until the 4th century " In 359, a remarkable king ascended to the Macedonian throne … ! Philip II (r. 359-336) " Well-trained for kingship " Spent time in Thebes as hostage " Learned advanced military tactics from Thebans - Theban military adapted by Philip in Macedonia when he became King … # Use of a longer spear * The sarissa * 12 feet long or more # Deeper phalanx * As many as 50 ranks deep - Philip coupled this improved infantry with an effective cavalry # Composed of Macedonian nobles – the “King’s Companions”
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 ! Philip was an effective politician " Employed a network of informants so that he knew the weakness of the Greek city-states " Gained alliances through skillful negotiation and, if necessary, bribery " Used military force only as a last resort " He slowly drew most of the city-states into alliance with Macedonia - Athens, Thebes, and Sparta remained outside Philip’s network of alliances
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age - 1 Alexander...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online