Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age

Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age - 1 Alexander...

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1 Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age ! Philip II of Macedon ! Alexander the Great & the Conquest of the World ! The Hellenistic World ! Hellenistic Science Some Important Items ! Philip II of Macedonia (r. 359-336) ! Sarissa ! Alexander (r. 336-323) ! Battle of Granicus River (334) ! Darius III of Persia ! Battle of Gaugamela (331) ! Seleucid Kingdom ! Antigonid Macedonia ! Ptolemaic Egypt ! Eratosthenes (275-195) Reading Assignment ! Perry, Western Civilization , 102-116 Philip II of Macedonia ! Macedonia " Tribal kingdom to the north of the Greek mainland " On periphery of Greek world until the 4th century " In 359, a remarkable king ascended to the Macedonian throne … ! Philip II (r. 359-336) " Well-trained for kingship " Spent time in Thebes as hostage " Learned advanced military tactics from Thebans - Theban military adapted by Philip in Macedonia when he became King … # Use of a longer spear * The sarissa * 12 feet long or more # Deeper phalanx * As many as 50 ranks deep - Philip coupled this improved infantry with an effective cavalry # Composed of Macedonian nobles – the “King’s Companions”
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2 ! Philip was an effective politician " Employed a network of informants so that he knew the weakness of the Greek city-states " Gained alliances through skillful negotiation and, if necessary, bribery " Used military force only as a last resort " He slowly drew most of the city-states into alliance with Macedonia - Athens, Thebes, and Sparta remained outside Philip’s network of alliances -
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