Final Exam Review

Final Exam Review - Final Exam Review POLI 2051 Dr Kenny...

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Final Exam Review POLI 2051 Dr. Kenny fascism Ch 11: Congress Approval of Congress relative to the president. Congress tends to be less popular than the president. Basic info. on Congress Bicameral( two separate and powerful chambers): Why two chambers? Practical and philosophical reasons. Know each. Philosophical (they were very afraid on concentrated power and authority) House of Representatives : 2 year terms; representation based on population; seats are reapportioned every 10 years Senate : 6 year terms; these terms are staggered (The scheduling of terms of office so that all members of a body are not selected at the same time); equal representation Congressional organization: (its organized along party lines and its decentralized, which means the power is spread out in Congress. Leadership – know leadership positions and who is currently in the positions, particularly the Speaker of the House: Whip – goes and talks to people and try to get them to support and gives you reasons why, then goes back to committee and tells them who they need to convince; they are the go between person Office of the Speaker - Nancy Pelosi Office of the Majority Speaker - Steny Hoyer Office of the Republican Leader - John Boehner House Majority Whip - James E Clyburn Republican Whip - Eric Cantor Standing committees – relatively permanent committee that addresses specific areas of legislation Select committees – temporary committee in Congress created to conduct studies or investigations; they have no power to report bills Joint committees – congressional committees with members from both House and Senate Conference committees – ad hoc committees, made up of members of House and Senate, set up to reconcile differences in the provisions of the bills What are the advantages of being the majority party? Control the agenda Assign committee chairs Appoint key leaders Oversight of executive branch Congressional functions Lawmaking – (know the basic steps of how a bill becomes law) Bill must be introduced Committee/subcommittee Floor of the chamber Filibuster – talking a bill to death, there are no rules The president (signing statement – statement when the president signs the bill or his representation and what the bill means to him) Representing – ceremonial appearances, speeches, etc (in each of these roles, representatives can act as delegates or trustees)
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delegates vs. trustees – attendance check result on a national lottery – class wanted members of congress to act as delegates Congressional elections: two important regularities 1. Incumbents rarely lose . Why do they always win? We like them They have high levels of name recognition Host of official resources (franked mail, etc.) Easier time raising money Etc. (redistricting, campaign, experience) 2.
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