Ch.2 Notes - PSY CH 482 Click to edit Master subtitle style...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 12/7/10 Theory & Case Analysis PSYCH 482
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12/7/10 Some Facts about Theories Theories are the foundation for good practice 1. Theory is built on observations from practice and everyday life. 2. Theory is based on objective facts and knowledge from experience. 3. A theory is organized, integrated, and articulate. A theory allows predictions to be made and can be tested for accuracy. A theory differs from fact in that it encompasses more elements and can be disproven. Theories need to be tested over time and across situations. Theories based on people and human interaction cannot be proven in a scientific sense. Theories of psychotherapy are based on the ideas about human
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12/7/10 Theory-Definition
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12/7/10 Beyond Trial and Error Experience helps you build your own theories about people and patterns of human interaction. You will be more effective in treating client problems if you have a strong theoretical orientation foundation based on research and experience . Effective counselors have a clear understanding of why they use a particular theory and have the ability to choose alternative theories as needed.
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12/7/10 How Theory Connects with Case Conceptualization Case conceptualization is information about the client that is gathered, organized, and used to help explain behavior. The conceptualization and theoretical approach are affected by: 1. the way information is gathered 2. what is considered important 3. the type of treatment plan selected
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12/7/10 How Theory Connects with Case Conceptualization The development of theory is bi-level and is based on: 1. Your (personal) psychological theory of people in general 2. Your theory of what makes people tick; this is also your case conceptualization or theory of the person . The case conceptualization is always evolving and changing , but the more consistent it is, the more effective counseling treatment may be.
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Case Conceptualization (based on client interview) Diagnosis (based on criteria in the DSM-IV-TR) Integrates and explains healthy as well as unhealthy behavior. Focuses more on unhealthy symptoms and behaviors. May be in idiosyncratic language. Provides a common language shared among practitioners. Includes theory about how problems occur and how they might be solved. Claims to be atheoretical. Very individualized, case-by- case. May be therapeutic (giving the client affirmation of a problem, differentiating between potential diagnoses). Treatment ideas may be included in case conceptualizations. DSM-IV-TR doe not delineate treatment.
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12/7/10 Six Component/Content Areas that aid in Case Conceptualization 1. Descriptive data (age, sex, physical features) 2. Presenting Problem (what brings the person to counseling) 3. Relevant History (related to presenting problem) 4. Interpersonal Style (client’s demeanor, responses,
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