Ch. 5 - Chapter 5 Psychoanalytical and Psychodynamic...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 5 Psychoanalytical and Psychodynamic approaches  Terms used interchangeably:  Psychoanalytic — Freudian or very close to Freudian  Psychodynamic — revision/extension/edit of Freudian thought  All believe in universal principles (Psychoanalytic approaches, cont.)  Regardless of Freudian/near Freudian:  All concur that there is an unconscious  Life is a series of stages (develop in a predictable way: although disagreement on what stages might be)  The past continues in the present (focus is on past and degree to which past influences the present--> early childhood experiences are key)  Mental operations have structural parts (very distinct; structures differ) Freud Background • Born in Austria • He had a close bond with his mother • Believed his dad was a WEAK person: did not respect him • Went to medical school because there was no such thing as a PhD in psychology; he studied to be a neurologist • Had a number of patients who complained of very odd symptoms (women); upper-middle class wealthy people • Paralysis; blindness; odd sensations, etc. • Read works of people who were thinking outside of the box ( Franz Mesmer ) ; he was doing hypnotism--> through process, patients were improving • Freud was a bad hypnotist • Believed if you were not with him you were against him • Sought out to develop “new science” (psychoanalysis); would be upset to know that it is not a “science” but it is a “theory • He believed we are constantly in a struggle with states of mind: Freudian Psychoanalysis  Viewpoint is deterministic —drives plus early upbringing  Three structures struggle within us: 1. Id —drives in their raw state: we are born with (Ex: after a game day; people are drinking and want to get laid, when it does not happen, they get ANGRY)--> (we can’t get what we want now, but if we wait a little while we can get it later) 2. Superego —conscience, civilization (is what we want the “right “thing?? Morally, etc) 3. Ego —reality principle—mediates between id and superego (mediates between primal desires and what we know is right and wrong; values etc) Conflicts among id, ego, and superego  Conflicts create anxiety:  Neurotic anxiety —can’t control id (can’t control how you feel, act, operate; can’t trust yourself to control id impulses)  Moral anxiety —can’t please superego (fear that what you want isn’t “right” morally; what you want vs what you should desires)  Reality anxiety--being scared of what you should be scared of (healthy and moral) (Conflicts, cont.)  Anxiety creates a state of imbalance (we want homeostasis)  Defense mechanisms redefine reality to make it less...
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Ch. 5 - Chapter 5 Psychoanalytical and Psychodynamic...

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