Chap 7 - Humanistic,Person CenteredApproaches PSYCH482...

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Humanistic, Person- Centered Approaches PSYCH 482 Fall 2010 Dr. Levy
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The Humanistic Approach Maslow & Rogers: Innate Striving for Self-Actualization Self-actualization  is the realization of potential, capacity, and talents,  reflecting full integration within a person. (developing to full  potential/capacity) The humanistic approach is the  third force  in psychotherapy and is  based on the development of human nature in an active  and  affirmative  way. (positive) We are always in the act of becoming, a continuous process toward  self-actualization. (not a destionation: the goal was STRIVING to  achieve this, not actually achieving) Failure to strive toward self-actualization may result in neurosis. Book: “On Becoming a Person”
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Peak Experiences Maslow believed that  peak experiences   occur when people feel  wonder and awe, and are convinced that something valuable has  happened. More recently, the concept of  flow  describes a pleasant or ecstatic  state of consciousness that occurs during full engagement in an  activity. (ex: you are doing something you enjoy doing, and time  cseases to exist; everything clicks; you are in the zone) The  positive psychology  movement emphasizes the investigation of  positive emotions and human strengths and virtues.
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Tenets of the Humanistic Approach Positive outlook We are born “good”
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Necessary & Sufficient (Core) Conditions of Therapy Maslow not a therapist; Rogers turned them into an applied  focus (Rogers believed in SIX core elements to therapy) Necessary  means that change cannot occur unless certain  conditions are present. Sufficient  means that no other theories or skills need to be  applied and that change will occur naturally in these conditions  are present. There are six core condition that if exist and persist over time  result in constructive personality change
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The Six Core Conditions (Rogers) Non-judgement; safe environment for change
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Three Facilitative Conditions of Therapy 1.) Therapist Congruence : therapist presents as a person  (rather than a blank slate) who has feelings, thoughts, and  actions that are complementary to the client’s.  Primary motive Becoming a “model” for the client’ communication genuiness  and congruence
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Three Facilitative Conditions of Therapy Unconditional Positive Regard  is acceptance of the client  without rules and limits.
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