Ch. 9 - Gestalt Therapy Dr Levy PSYCH 482 Intro to Gestalt...

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+ Gestalt Therapy Dr, Levy PSYCH 482
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+ Intro to Gestalt Therapy People have problems because they are cut off from parts of themselves they need for wholeness and balance. (Sum is greater than its parts) Failing to be aware of needs and feelings may result in behavior that is rigid and in our being stuck in unfulfilling habits. The goal of Gestalt therapy is to reintegrate the split- off parts of the self and the world so that balance can occur. (Reintegrate self & restore balance)
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+ Essential Concepts in Gestalt Therapy Awareness Polarities Contact, Boundaries, and Support
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+ Awareness Paramount technique Awareness is the key to positive growth and personal integration. Gestalt psychologists assume behavior change occurs naturally out of fuller awareness. Can only deal with what’s happening right now; focus on the present.
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+ Polarities Polarities are conflicts within the individual, such as adult v. child, intellectual v. emotional. (Really centered as adults notions we carried with us throug childhood) If we are centered, we maintain homeostasis , or balance, between the polarities. We are naturally inclined to organismic self-regulation , or the need for balance. (built as beings to strive for balance; EX: stress) Gestalt therapy asserts living in the here and now represents being centered and not stuck in the past or preoccupied with the future. (what’s happening in the moment--physical, cog.) How we think vs. how we feel00 achieve BALANCE (homoestasis)
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+ Contact, Boundaries, and Support Contact is the awareness of what is going on in the here and now, and is critical for successful therapy. Boundaries are the lines (limits) that connect and separate ourselves and others; we seek to balance boundaries within ourselves and with others. (separate us inter/intraphysically) Balance is only possible with support from self and the environment; otherwise anxiety occurs. When we do not have out support system, we may reach an impasse, or stalemate, where we cannot move forward or backward psychologically.
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+ The Therapeutic Process The Therapeutic Relationship Perls’s Peeling the Onion Polster’s Three-Stage Process of Change (Fritz-- focus on details, all the parts need a balance) Largest impact: very techniquey therapy (empty chair technique, experimental techniques, many therapists use this) Some parts important and some parts not (makes you hypersensitive
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+ Therapeutic Relationship While the person of the therapist is as important in
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