CH. 11 - Dr. Levy PSYCH 482 Making meaning out of a...

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Dr. Levy PSYCH 482
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Making meaning out of a behavior or experience is done cognitively. Cognitions include inner processes such as plans, motivations, and daydreams.
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Cognition mediates our response to the environment and influences our adjustment or maladjustment to our environment. Cognitive psychology asserts psychological distress stems from the faulty-processing of experience. Basically our perception--things are what they are We can experience things differently from other people because of how we perceive certain
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Attitude involves behavior, emotion, and cognition at once. (cognitive level all the time) Thinking (cognition) has the power to override emotion or behavior. (the way we change how we feel and act)
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Automaticity characterizes the thoughts that spontaneously arise in our heads. (enter instantly upon environmental stimulus; therapist needs to recognize these thoughts and offer alt. solutions) Automatic thoughts control our responses to the outside world. ABC model A ctivating Event B elief Behavioral C onsequence
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Problem solving occurs when we can control our automatic responses to problems in our day-to-day lives. (Event is going to stimulate a certain belief and we can work on generating alternatives to that terrifying experience) Problem solving methods include: Generation of alternative solutions Mental practice
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Lends itself nicely to Scientific  Method CBT is testable and can be clearly specified and measured. Outcome studies of CBT have found the treatment to be effective for many psychological disorders as well as for daily life situations.
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The role of the CBT therapist is be a teacher, guide, and catalyst who helps the client see various ways of viewing the world. ( not much different than behavior  therapy) One of the goals of CBT is to substitute a new way of thinking for an old one. (challenging client to see things from a different perspective) The ultimate goal of CBT is to help clients learn the self-manage and be their own
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Stage 1: Initial Interview Do not jump quickly into action The therapist works to establish rapport. No any value statement on thoughts, just becoming an observer/more aware of their own life patterns The therapist educates the client about self- monitoring and and ask the client to record thoughts, feelings, and interaction between sessions. The therapist and client create a prioritized list of problems to address. Some specific behavioral advice or homework
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The therapist and client investigate the client’s dysfunctional belief patterns by asking three questions: What is the evidence for this belief? How else can you interpret the situation?
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CH. 11 - Dr. Levy PSYCH 482 Making meaning out of a...

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