Exam 3 SG - CultofPersonalitySG...

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Cult of Personality SG 30/09/2010 09:14:00 Study Guide for "The Cult of Personality Testing" The Cult of Personality by Annie Murphy Paul Study Guide (prepared by Mark A. Hector) 1. “These tests claim to measure not what we know, but what we’re like;  not what we can do, but who we are.” 2. Hermann Rorschach was a Swiss psychiatrist. 3. “… the Rorschach is still used by eight out of ten clinical psychologists,  …”  4. “Isabel Myers believed that the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator could bring  about world peace --- or at least make everyone a little nicer.” 5. What was the “science of mind” that Lorenzo Fowler practiced in New  York City?  Phrenology 6. Lorenzo Fowler had no more faithful student than Walt Whitman.
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7. “ ‘Breasting the waves of detraction as a ship dashes sea-waves,  Phrenology, it must now be confessed by all men who have open eyes, has at  last gained a position, and a firm one, among the sciences,’ Whitman  proclaimed.” 8. “The phrenologists’ early appreciation of his gifts gave Whitman the  confidence to pursue his bold project of creating a truly American literature.” 9. Theories of personality “offer to explain why --- why we are the way we  are.” 10. “ ‘Persons who have a large forehead are sluggish,’ declared Aristotle  in the fourth century B.C., ‘those who have a small one, fickle; those who have a  broad one are excitable, those who have a bulging one, quick tempered.’” 11. “Walt Whitman, along with a great many of his countrymen, embraced  phrenology without reservation.” 12. “Fingers ranging over hundreds of heads, Franz Joseph Gall eventually  counted twenty-seven different bumps, including those indicating ‘mechanical  aptitude,’ ‘metaphysical depth,’ and ‘sense of the ridiculous.’”
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13. “Franz Joseph Gall had imagined himself a disinterested scientist in  search of truth, while Johann Spurzheim eagerly advertised phrenology’s many  useful applications.”  14. “Lorenzo and Orson Fowler brought an evangelical fervor to the  enterprise, promising that phrenology would improve ‘the prosperity and material  good of the next generation and greatly enhance the happiness of the race,  besides abolishing poverty and nearly abolishing crime.’” 15. “A young Clara Barton attended four weeks of courses taught by  Lorenzo and became a teacher on his advice. ‘How can the value of the results  of that month, extending through a lifetime, be put into words?’ swooned the  woman who founded the Red Cross.” 16. “Charles Dickens, Edgar Allen Poe, and Oliver Wendell Holmes were 
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