25 - Maya collapsed H. Post Classic Period (900 early 16 th...

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Pre Aztec Mexico A. 1 st Mexicans Nomadic to settled life (2000 BC) Trade and Social structures Growth of population Religion based on nature B. Olmecs (1000 BC- 400 BCE) C. Classic Period (1 CE – 1000 CE) D. Golden Age (300-800 CE) E. Teotihuacan (post 200 BCE – 600 CE) • This is a major urban center—this is the first true urban complex • more than 12 square miles with the inner 2 square miles being devoted to the central area F. Monte Alban- Oaxaca- Zapotecs (rose 500-100 BCE/ declined 400-700 BCE G. Maya high civilization (250-800 CE) • First to use 0 as a common place marker\ • They had city-states (city governments)—a capital city with center towns around it• Kings were hereditary • Tikal was established just before 300 CE—there are 6 pyramids, palaces, ball courts, etc. and several man-made lakes • Faced internal rebellions, dramatic increase in warfare across the city-states
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Unformatted text preview: Maya collapsed H. Post Classic Period (900 early 16 th century (Spanish arrival) Toltecs (people) from chichimecs (barbarians) of north 1. Great leaders/ancestors of the past At one point a nomadic group; not complex Tula (city) founded 968 CE; abandoned 1156 50 miles northwest of present-day Mexico city Significance stood b/w peoples of the lake area and the chichimecs (the more nomadic groups) Protected the lake people from the nomads Corn (Maize) was a new growth and good for eating and sustenance Bow and Arrow is a new technology in comparison to the Toltec spear Tezcatlipoca (smoking mirror) more militaristic Chinampa sticks and twigs put together to form a platform...
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