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23-27 - Pre Aztec Mexico 11:54:00 1 st Mexicans • Nomadic...

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Unformatted text preview: Pre Aztec Mexico 25/08/2010 11:54:00 1 st Mexicans • Nomadic to settled life (2000 BC) • Trade and Social structures • Growth of population • Religion based on nature • Olmecs (1000 BC- 400 BCE) • Classic Period (1 CE – 1000 CE) • Golden Age (300-800 CE) • Teotihuacan (post 200 BCE – 600 CE) • This is a major urban center—this is the first true urban complex • More than 12 square miles with the inner 2 square miles being devoted to the central area • Monte Alban- Oaxaca- Zapotecs (rose 500-100 BCE/ declined 400- Caribbean 700 BCE • Maya high civilization (250-800 CE) ← • First to use 0 as a common place marker\ • They had city-states (city governments)—a capital city with center towns around it• Kings were hereditary • Tikal was established just before 300 CE—there are 6 pyramids, palaces, ball courts, etc. and several man-made lakes • Faced internal rebellions, dramatic increase in warfare across the city-states ← • Maya collapsed • Post Classic Period (900 – early 16 th century (Spanish arrival) o Toltecs (people) from chichimecs (barbarians) of north o Great leaders/ancestors of the past o At one point a nomadic group; not complex o Tula (city) founded 968 CE; abandoned 1156 o 50 miles northwest of present-day Mexico city o Significance stood b/w peoples of the lake area and the chichimecs (the more nomadic groups) Protected the lake people from the nomads o Corn (Maize) was a new growth and good for eating and sustenance o Bow and Arrow is a new technology in comparison to the Toltec spear o Tezcatlipoca (smoking mirror) more militaristic ← Rise of Mexico 25/08/2010 11:54:00 ← Azcapotzatco conquered by Tepanecs- 1230 • Texcoco f. 1318 • The Mexica also chichimecs o Out of Aztlan (~1111) o Gained indepedence in war against Xochimilco o 1325 took over small island in the lake, beginnings of Tenochtitlan o Post 1427- Triple Alliance 1. Tenchotitlan 2. Texcoco 3. Tlacopan • 1440- Iztcoaltl dies Moctezuma I becomes leader (lasting 28 years) • 1468- Moctezuma I dies; followed by 3 sons • 1481- Tizoc (2 nd son of Moctezuma I) • 1485 Ahuitzoti and General Tlacaelel extend empire o 1487- new temple of Huitzilopochtli • 1502- Moctezuma II (in Broken Spears) o Intellectual (trained as priest); military man as well (not as well known for this) • 1519- arrival of Cortes and Spanish adventurers • 1521 conquest of Tenochtitlan ← ← Cortes arrives in Tenochtitlan • First 2 decades Spanish focus is Caribbean o Encomienda (main labor system) was set up Encomendar- to entrust • Timeline o 1517- Governor of Cuba interested in Mesoamerica...
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23-27 - Pre Aztec Mexico 11:54:00 1 st Mexicans • Nomadic...

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