23-27 - PreAztecMexico 11:54:00 1stMexicans (2000BC...

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Pre Aztec Mexico 25/08/2010 11:54:00 1 st  Mexicans Nomadic to settled life (2000 BC) Trade and Social structures Growth of population Religion based on nature Olmecs (1000 BC- 400 BCE) Classic Period (1 CE – 1000 CE) Golden Age (300-800 CE) Teotihuacan (post 200 BCE – 600 CE) This is a major urban center—this is the first true urban complex More than 12 square miles with the inner 2 square miles being devoted to the  central area Monte Alban- Oaxaca- Zapotecs (rose 500-100 BCE/ declined 400-  Caribbean 700 BCE Maya high civilization (250-800 CE) • First to use 0 as a common place marker\ They had city-states (city governments)—a capital city with center towns  around it• Kings were hereditary  Tikal was established just before 300 CE—there are 6 pyramids, palaces,  ball courts, etc. and several man-made lakes  Faced internal rebellions, dramatic increase in warfare across the city-states • Maya collapsed Post Classic Period (900 – early 16 th  century (Spanish arrival) o Toltecs  (people)  from  chichimecs  (barbarians)   of north
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o Great leaders/ancestors of the past o At one point a nomadic group; not complex o Tula  (city)  founded 968 CE; abandoned 1156 o 50 miles northwest of present-day Mexico city o Significance  stood b/w peoples of the lake area and the  chichimecs  (the more nomadic groups)  Protected the lake people from the nomads o Corn (Maize) was a new growth and good for eating and sustenance o Bow and Arrow is a new technology in comparison to the Toltec spear o Tezcatlipoca  (smoking mirror) more militaristic
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Rise of Mexico 25/08/2010 11:54:00 Azcapotzatco conquered by Tepanecs- 1230 Texcoco f. 1318 The Mexica  also chichimecs o Out of Aztlan (~1111) o Gained indepedence in war against Xochimilco o 1325 took over small island in the lake, beginnings of Tenochtitlan o Post 1427-  Triple Alliance 1. Tenchotitlan 2. Texcoco 3. Tlacopan 1440- Iztcoaltl dies  Moctezuma I becomes leader (lasting 28 years) 1468- Moctezuma I dies; followed by 3 sons 1481- Tizoc (2 nd  son of Moctezuma I) 1485 Ahuitzoti and General Tlacaelel extend empire  o 1487- new temple of Huitzilopochtli 1502- Moctezuma II (in Broken Spears) o Intellectual (trained as priest); military man as well (not as well known  for this) 1519 - arrival of Cortes and Spanish adventurers 1521 conquest of Tenochtitlan
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Cortes arrives in Tenochtitlan First 2 decades  Spanish focus is Caribbean o Encomienda (main labor system) was set up Encomendar- to entrust Timeline o 1517- Governor of Cuba interested in Mesoamerica o 1518- Cortes expedition sets out from Cuba
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