Mexican Independence-1 - Mexican Independence Latin America...

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Mexican Independence Latin America as a whole 1. Why did the Latin American pursue independence in the early 19 th century? Why not earlier? Why not later? What are the factors that come together to cause the efforts for independence? The decision was made by the politically active population—however all people participated, event he slave in a lot of areas Faced enormous problems, the divisions of race that characterize the colonial period are very important Creoles maintained controlled (whites) 2. Who won and who lost? Which groups benefit, which lose out? 3. Why did independence confirm rather than change colonial patterns? Intro, factors learning to independence—Spanish America Nativism/regionalism : commitment to and identification with America is a factor o Movement that developed because they wanted to look out for their interests more—we know what are interests are & we look out for them better than the Spanish would Nationalism certain pride in being Americans; we aren’t Europeans, we are Americans—need our own destiny Ideas of contractual government : political ideas in western culture at this time were changing—Enlightment, contractual government (deal with the population and people who run the society) o Consistent with ‘natural laws’ governing the political and social lives—this would be stable and durable o Ex: French revolution, Independence of the 13 colonies from GB in North America o This thinking is coming out of the Enlightment thought in Europe—people can look at the 2 examples above, see how they broke away from monarchies and establishing, not another monarchy, but a republic (which is new in the Americas) Trade with the British : New Spain was eager to trade and get new materials— metals, etc.—producers from New Spain were exporting a lot of stuff to other countries o British trade system was the most dynamic and more money was to be made trading with them o Latin America had get mines, etc. and they wanted to be free from the prohibition against trading with other countries o Emerging of a merchant class —vocal group that was insisting changing made on the trade system (& soon realize they also need control over political system so they can make changing in the economic arena)
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o Insisted on their right to build what they wanted, grow that they wanted, to sell goods to the highest bidder, and trade whenever they wanted to during the year o Land owner quoted—‘need access to foreign markets’ in order to grow wealthy o Emphasis on EXPORTING for wealth —very little emphasis on creating a domestic economy to meet local needs; they are thinking in terms of extracting/growing raw materials to export to Europe (that’s were their contacts are who buy their goods, etc.) o This continues to be the focus on Latin American economies—even today o Wealthy elites generally got rich by exporting their products to Europe and they want to maintain this after independence Taxes
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