Question 3 - 21/11/201021:21:00 2. Crdenas period When was...

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21/11/2010 21:21:00 2. Cárdenas period When was the Cárdenas period and what does it mean to say that Cárdenas was the president who was most true to the values the common people fought for in the Mexican Revolution? The Cardenas Period: - From 1934-1940 – During the Great Depression - Great Depression: o Wage reduction, no funding for social programs Cardenas: - From Michoacán, which was a poorer area - Made his way to the top through the military and was a revolutionary general – close relationship with General Calles (president before him) - Wanted a better life for workers and peasants, redistribution of land, lived modestly - Supported Obregon, then Calles - Cut presidency pay in half, didn’t move into the presidential mansion Cardenas Agrarian Reform: - Distributed 49 million acres of land in 6 yrs - Communal farms called ejidos o Thought that these would “liberate peasants from the clutches of hacendados, reduce need for wage labor, increase agricultural output, and feed the nation” - Traditional landlord-peasant relationship broken - They were distributed as communal lands owned by municipality - Negative effect on national economy - Population growth offset land redistribution Other Reforms: - Socialist education in schools, sex. Ed – church was threatened to excommunicate parents (president said church needed to concern themselves with the poor o Budgeted twice as much as any president for education ** o By 1940, Mexico had 2 million more literates than before - improved health of population – people living longer, population boom, infant mortality rate decreases - Labor Reform: o Cardenas attacked labor union the CROM because they were gaining mysterious wealth – put Lombardo in charge o Lombardo – Marxist, focus on redistributing wealth, emphasis on working
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people o Brought together 3000 unions – formed the CTM o Minimum wage increased to 3.5 pesos per day - Nationalization**: o Nationalized oil (PEMEX) and railroads What were those values, where are they encapsulated, and how did Cárdenas demonstrate his commitment to them? Cardenas’s Main Goals: - Education o Agricultural reform o ejidos - Worker’s rights - Limitations of the church - Nationalization o Expropriation – fueled revolutionary nationalism, reduced dependence on foreign corporations, helped mold the image of Cardenas as icon of the Mexican left – Cardenas’s greatest achievement** Evidence of Cardenas’s Commitment: - Traveled to remote Indian villages to promote secular education and campaign against alcoholism o Spoke in non threatening terms o Met with villagers individually o Created paternalistic relationship with natives - Traveled to Oaxaca to personally give out government aid to earthquake victims - Living modestly, not moving into presidential mansion, cutting pay in half - Distributed more land to villagers than all previous revolutionary presidents combined During his presidency he visited 1,028 towns in every state of the republic
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3A.  the revolutionary legacy (RECENT 20
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Question 3 - 21/11/201021:21:00 2. Crdenas period When was...

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