key_ch9_8 - diferencia en cuanto a significado y ambos...

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Capítulo 9 – CLAVES 8 9.8. Clave EJERCICIO ¿Fonema o alófono? 1. Respuesta y explicación: Los sonidos [n] y [ ] NO pertenecen a un mismo fonema en inglés. Esto es así porque en inglés SÍ pueden formarse pares mínimos con [n] y [ ]. Observen que la combinación ortográfica “ng” representa un solo sonido, i.e., [ ]. Ejemplos: si [n] vs. si [ ] k = si n vs. si n k ra [n] vs. ra [ ] = ra n vs. ra n g fa [n] vs. fa [ ] = fa n vs. fa n g Lo contrario ocurre en español, donde NO se pueden formar pares mínimos basados en la diferencia entre [n] y [ ]. Así, pa[n] y pa[ ] 1 no llevan a ninguna
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Unformatted text preview: diferencia en cuanto a significado, y ambos corresponden a la palabra pan ‘bread’. La gráfica a continuación ilustra la diferencia. 2. Gráficos: Nivel fonológico alofónico Nivel inglés español /n/ [n] [ ] /n/ [n] / / [ ] 1 fonema con 2 fonemas con 1 alófono cada uno 2 alófonos Observe el uso de “/. ../” vs. “[. ..]” 1 La velarización de la “n” al final de palabra es un fenómeno dialectal; cp. “pan” = [pa n ] vs. [pa ]. P ARES MÍNIMOS...
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