Psychology Final Exam Notes - Psychology Final Exam Notes...

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Psychology Final Exam Notes Module 49: Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder: o Primarily found in women o Symptoms are no persistent and include jitters, agitation, sleep deprivation, difficulty in concentration o Generally victims were maltreated at children o The disorder will likely dissipate by age 50 Panic Disorder: o Described as an ‘anxiety tornado’ that strikes suddenly, wreak havoc, and leaves Phobias: An irrational fear that causes someone to avoid and object, etc. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A need for order and have things just so to the point of it interfering with life. o Strikes in the late teens and early twenties Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: o Establishes a social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and insomnia o PTSD is more common in people who are at the most risk in the even o Post traumatic Growth is learning from the trauma Understanding Anxiety Disorders The learning Perspective explains how conditioning (responding to a stimulus) creates anxiety 1. Stimulus generalization occurs after a painful/terrifying experience from an object makes you fear the object 2. Reinforcement helps maintain the phobias and fears Can also develop a fear from watching another person fear something The Biological Perspective uses natural selection to explain why we innately fear potentially harmful objects and things. Module 50: Dissociative/Personality/Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders: disorders of the consciousness where a person has a sudden loss of memory/change in identity o Appear skilled at self-hypnosis o Dissociative Identity Disorder: A massive dissociation of self from ordinary consciousness where two distinct identities alternate to control the person The person will have no recollection of the other personality Used to be called ‘Multiple Personality Disorder’ Some doubt the genuinity of the disorder and claim it’s an excuse for crime and attention Personality Disorders: disruptive, inflexible, and enduring behavior patterns that impairs ones social functions o Antisocial Personality Disorder: Usually male and exhibit lack of conscience before age 15. Usually sociopaths have this disorder. Shoes little autonomic system arousal Has the potential to be heroic because they fear little as well as drug dependent
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Lack frontal lobe activity Somatoform Disorders: Distressing symptoms take a bodily form without apparent cause. o Conversion disorder: Anxiety is converted to a physical symptom o Hypochondriasis: Interpreting normal symptoms to those of a disorder. Opposite of conversion. Three categories of Personality disorders: Moving away from people (depression), moving towards people (narcissism), and moving against people (antisocial) Module 51: Mood Disorders Major Depressive Disorder: o Depression is the ‘common cold’ of psychological disorders. It is the most sought out disorder for help o Anxiety is worrying about future loss whereas depress is worry about current and past losses.
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