BIPN 140 Lecture 11.30.10 - 11.30.10 Bipn 140 BIPN 140...

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11.30.10 Bipn 140 BIPN 140 LECT #16 1 DKBerg LEARNING & MEMORY I. Memory Types A. Declarative 1. Available in consciousness 2. Can be expressed in language (e.g. words, song, images) 3. Requires the hippocampus/medial temporal lobe B. Non-Declarative 1. Procedural memory (e.g. riding a bike) 2. Not readily available in consciousness (doesn’t require consciousness) 3. Does not require the hippocampus/medial temporal lobe **FIGURE 31.1**. Mapping of human memory and the two types II. Temporal Features of Memory A. Immediate Memory 1. Duration: fractions of a second 2. Capacity: very large (each sensory modality has its own register) B. Working Memory 1. Duration: seconds to minutes 2. Capacity: more focused (e.g. searching for an object like a cell phone...) C. Long-Term Memory 1. Duration: up to a lifetime
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2. Consolidation: transfer of memories from immediate & working to long-term. 3. Reconstruction: most long-term memories are “re-constructed” as we re-visit and “re- encode” them, reducing accuracy.
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