Vitamins - Most vitamins not stored, so they must be...

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Unformatted text preview: Most vitamins not stored, so they must be consumed fairly regularly. (a few can be stored) Vitamins are not oxidized to provide energy . Each vitamin has a different in the body. No general rule for requirements. Many vitamins will degrade over time or when exposed to heat .( freezing help to slow degrading) Most animal feeds are formulated with additional vitamins in a balanced amount. Vitamins are classified as to whether they are fat soluable or water soluable . If not eating a mixed balanced ration, need to eat a variety of foods to get all the vitamins. Fat soluble vitamins A, D, E K These vitamins are lipophilic and hydrophobic. They can be stored in the body, usually the Liver . They tend to have very specific roles, so that deficiencies seem much more devastating. Vitamin A Retinol : Obtained directly from an animal diet, or synthesized from -carotene provided by plants (vitamin A does not occur in plants). Vitamin A is required to prevent poor vision, digestive problems, respiratory ailments, reproductive difficulties, fetal development and sperm development. But excessive vitamin A is toxic . If deficiency night Blindness , bone abnormalities, organ damage, skin lesions, reduced testes size, reduced circulating testosterone and reduced fertility . Retarted growth, poor-qualtiy skin and hair development To those who raise puppies, the Vitamin A link to growth is of prime importance. Lack of Vitamin A in puppies directly relates to low growth rates, muscle weakness, poor vision, and loss of hair coat. Skeletal and nervous disorders such as hydrocephalus and cleft palate are also common results of a Vitamin A deficiency. Females will not ovulate properly and males can become sterile if they are deficient in Vitamin A. hydrocephalus is a condition in which excessive fluid is found within and around the brain. The body may form too much fluid or, as occurs in most cases, the fluid that is produced cannot drain from the central nervous system as it normally does. Vitamins are organic substances required by the body in very small amounts. They are not really part of body tissues, but are necessary for specific biochemical reactions to occur, also known as Metabolic cofactors . a. Regulation of digestion, absorption and metabolism. b. Developing and maintaining the immune system. c. Regulating the temperature of the body d. The formation of bones . e. Vision, bone hair, feathers, biochemistry in/of the skin . f. involved in disease resistance Cleft palate is a skeletal disorder occasionally seen in puppies of all breeds. A cleft palate results when the bones forming the roof of the mouth do not grow normally. This results in an opening in the roof of the mouth that communicates with the nasal cavity. cleft palate or harelip in a ten year old Cocker spaniel Vitamin E deficiencies have been well documented in both dogs and cats....
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Vitamins - Most vitamins not stored, so they must be...

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