Cat_and_dog_vaccinations_for_angel_-_emi

Cat_and_dog_vaccinations_for_angel_-_emi - Feline and...

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Unformatted text preview: Feline and Canine Vaccination Emily Harris Puppy and Kitten Immunity Why Vaccinate? Cat Vaccines • FVRCP (distemper) – FVR = Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis . – Calicivirus – Panleukopenia • Feline leukemia • Feline AIDS (FIV) • Rabies 1 yr, 3 yr Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis • Upper respiratory infection from feline herpes virus • Transmission – Saliva – Eye and nasal secretions – Vaccination doesn’t necessarily prevent infection • Symptoms – Coughing – Sneezing – Nasal discharge – Conjunctivitis – Corneal ulcers, pneumonia • Diagnosis: clinical signs, virus isolation • Treatment – Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection (secondary) – Lysine to suppress viral replication – Fluids, feeding etc. Conjunctivitis Feline Calicivirus • Similar to FVR, upper respiratory infection caused by RNA virus • Transmission – Respiratory secretions – Saliva – Sometimes feces – Can live outside body for 8-10 days – Vaccination doesn’t necessarily prevent infection • Symptoms – Fever – Conjunctivitis – Sneezing – Ulceration of mouth or paws – Sometimes arthritis – Secondary bacterial infections (pneumonia) • Diagnosis – PCR – Culture – Immunohistochemical staining • Treatment – Antibiotics for secondary infractions or ulcers – Fluids, nutrient support Panleukopenia • Also called feline distemper , feline parvovirus that attacks lining of GI tract causing ulceration, attacks lymphatic tissue and bone marrow • 98% identical to parvovirus of dogs • Transmission: can shed virus up to 6 wks after recovery – Bodily fluids – Feces – Fleas from infected cat • Symptoms – Bloody diarrhea – Severe dehydration – Anemia – Loss of appetite – Lethargy – Fever – Vomiting – Often leads to death • Diagnosis – Decreased WBCs, hematocrit, platelet – Fecal analysis – Blood culture • Treatment – Fluids – Sometimes blood transfusions – Often fatal for kittens Feline Leukemia • Retrovirus that causes a cancer of lymphocytes – Immunosuppressed can cause secondary infection and death – While in bloodstream immune system can try to fight off – Once reaches bone marrow usually have for life • Transmission – Saliva both bite wounds and grooming – Respiratory secretions • Symptoms – Loss of appetite/weight loss – Poor coat condition/skin lesions – Swollen and pale gums/mouth – Seizures – Swollen lymph nodes – Fever – Diarrhea – Infections of skin, bladder, and respiratory tract • Diagnosis – Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (1st and 2nd stage) – Indirect immunofluorescent antibody assay (2nd stage) – Feluek/FIV tests • Treatment Feline Immunodeficiency Virus • Vaccine’s efficacy is in question because cats vaccinated can still test positive in addition to many types • Retrovirus that attacks the immune system, but can live long if no secondary infections – First phase is the acute infection with fever and swollen lymph nodes...
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Cat_and_dog_vaccinations_for_angel_-_emi - Feline and...

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