Cat_and_dog_vaccinations_for_angel_-_emi

Cat_and_dog_vaccinations_for_angel_-_emi - Feline and...

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Unformatted text preview: Feline and Canine Vaccination Emily Harris Puppy and Kitten Immunity Why Vaccinate? Cat Vaccines FVRCP (distemper) FVR = Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis . Calicivirus Panleukopenia Feline leukemia Feline AIDS (FIV) Rabies 1 yr, 3 yr Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Upper respiratory infection from feline herpes virus Transmission Saliva Eye and nasal secretions Vaccination doesnt necessarily prevent infection Symptoms Coughing Sneezing Nasal discharge Conjunctivitis Corneal ulcers, pneumonia Diagnosis: clinical signs, virus isolation Treatment Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection (secondary) Lysine to suppress viral replication Fluids, feeding etc. Conjunctivitis Feline Calicivirus Similar to FVR, upper respiratory infection caused by RNA virus Transmission Respiratory secretions Saliva Sometimes feces Can live outside body for 8-10 days Vaccination doesnt necessarily prevent infection Symptoms Fever Conjunctivitis Sneezing Ulceration of mouth or paws Sometimes arthritis Secondary bacterial infections (pneumonia) Diagnosis PCR Culture Immunohistochemical staining Treatment Antibiotics for secondary infractions or ulcers Fluids, nutrient support Panleukopenia Also called feline distemper , feline parvovirus that attacks lining of GI tract causing ulceration, attacks lymphatic tissue and bone marrow 98% identical to parvovirus of dogs Transmission: can shed virus up to 6 wks after recovery Bodily fluids Feces Fleas from infected cat Symptoms Bloody diarrhea Severe dehydration Anemia Loss of appetite Lethargy Fever Vomiting Often leads to death Diagnosis Decreased WBCs, hematocrit, platelet Fecal analysis Blood culture Treatment Fluids Sometimes blood transfusions Often fatal for kittens Feline Leukemia Retrovirus that causes a cancer of lymphocytes Immunosuppressed can cause secondary infection and death While in bloodstream immune system can try to fight off Once reaches bone marrow usually have for life Transmission Saliva both bite wounds and grooming Respiratory secretions Symptoms Loss of appetite/weight loss Poor coat condition/skin lesions Swollen and pale gums/mouth Seizures Swollen lymph nodes Fever Diarrhea Infections of skin, bladder, and respiratory tract Diagnosis Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (1st and 2nd stage) Indirect immunofluorescent antibody assay (2nd stage) Feluek/FIV tests Treatment Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Vaccines efficacy is in question because cats vaccinated can still test positive in addition to many types Retrovirus that attacks the immune system, but can live long if no secondary infections First phase is the acute infection with fever and swollen lymph nodes...
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Cat_and_dog_vaccinations_for_angel_-_emi - Feline and...

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