intelligencelecture+outline.ppt

intelligencelecture+outline.ppt - Intelligence Intelligence...

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Intelligence
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Intelligence: combines verbal ability, problem solving skills and the ability to adapt and learn from life’s everyday experiences
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Intelligence: historically defined by how we “measure” it Alfred Binet: developed intelligence tests to identify slow learners Mental Age: based on ability not chronological age (ex: be an 8 year old and answer questions like a six year old mental age is 6)
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However, this formula for IQ was flawed. A child with a mental age of 6 and chronological age of 5 would have the same IQ as a child with a mental age of 12 and chronological age of 12 (same ratio)
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Newer tests were developed with norms for all age groups based on a standard distribution Stanford-Binet and Wechsler Intelligence Tests are still used today
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Wechsler Intelligence Tests: WPPSI: (pre-school) WISC: (Children) WAIS: (Adults) Results in a Verbal IQ, Performance IQ and Full Scale IQ score Based on norms for the population: 100 is the mean; normal range: 85-115.
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The Flynn Effect: James Flynn found that from one generation to the next there have been steady gains in IQ scores cross culturally Hypotheses: more time in school, better educated parents, better nutrition, broader exposure through the media
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Verbal Subtests Vocabulary: breadth of concepts, ideas and experiences; + correlated with overall IQ Information: basic fund of info; culturally sensitive Comprehension: Awareness of socially appropriate behavior, rules, and roles Similarities: verbal concept formation, level of abstractions Arithmetic: concentration/attention; mathematical ability *verbally mediated/dominated Digit Span: attention and rote memory
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Performance Subtests Picture Arrangement: social interactions and sequencing Picture Completion: Visual organization and concentration Object Assembly: visual-motor coordination,
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2010 for the course PYSCH 111 taught by Professor Malley during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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intelligencelecture+outline.ppt - Intelligence Intelligence...

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