Learning+Lectureoutline 10-2.ppt

Learning+Lectureoutline 10-2.ppt - Learning • Learning...

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Unformatted text preview: Learning • Learning Defined: Any relative permanent change in behavior that occurs because of experience • Conditioning: a kind of learning that involves associations between environmental stimuli and responses Types of Conditioning • Classical Conditioning: (Pavlov) – The organism learns to associate two stimuli – One produces a response that originally was only produces by the other – Classic example of dog/bell and salivation • Unconditioned Stimulus (US): elicits the unconditioned response (food) • Unconditioned Response (UR): response which is automatically produced (salivate) • Conditioned Stimulus (CS): originally neutral stimulus that elicits a behavior after being paired with a US (bell) • Conditioned Response (CR): response elicited by the conditioned stimulus (salivate to bell) • Extinction: repeat the conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus over time and the conditioned response will disappear • Spontaneous Recovery: after a response has been extinguished it may spontaneously reappear after the passage of time with exposure to the conditioned stimulus • Higher Order Conditioning: pairing a neutral stimulus with the conditioned stimulus will create another conditioned stimulus, although a weaker conditioned response. More likely to show extinction (food with bell, bell with light) •...
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2010 for the course PYSCH 111 taught by Professor Malley during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Learning+Lectureoutline 10-2.ppt - Learning • Learning...

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